DemoChoice Web Poll: New Zealand, Dunedin City, Cargill Ward, 2004 by DemoChoice rules
3 candidates will be elected with 5,210 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 1    
---------------------------------------- 25%
Teresa STEVENSON  1,266.0  (24.3%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ _ :
Paul Richard HUDSON  948.0  (18.2%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF ___________ :
Michael GUEST  726.0  (13.9%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC __________________ :
Douglas Wayne HALL  660.0  (12.7%) 
DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD ____________________ :
Nicola HOLMAN  447.0  (8.6%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEEE ___________________________ :
Jo GALER  385.0  (7.4%) 
BBBBBBBBBBB _____________________________ :
Steve YOUNG  324.0  (6.2%) 
KKKKKKKKKK ______________________________ :
Alan MCDONALD  197.0  (3.8%) 
GGGGGG __________________________________ :
Calvin OATEN  142.0  (2.7%) 
IIII ____________________________________ :
Paul John Michael MCMULLAN  115.0  (2.2%) 
HHHH ____________________________________ :
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Paul John Michael MCMULLAN Defeated
C JJ

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (25% of counted votes).

In the first round, the first choices on each ballot are tallied.
No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory, so the last-place candidate (Paul John Michael MCMULLAN) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

New colors:
L
None of these

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: New Zealand, Dunedin City, Cargill Ward, 2004 by DemoChoice rules
3 candidates will be elected with 5,210 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 2    
---------------------------------------- 25%
Teresa STEVENSON  1,313.0  (25.3%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ :
Paul Richard HUDSON  953.0  (18.4%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF __________ :
Michael GUEST  735.0  (14.2%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC _________________ :
Douglas Wayne HALL  675.0  (13.0%) 
DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD ___________________ :
Nicola HOLMAN  449.0  (8.6%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEEEE __________________________ :
Jo GALER  391.0  (7.5%) 
BBBBBBBBBBBB ____________________________ :
Steve YOUNG  332.0  (6.4%) 
KKKKKKKKKK ______________________________ :
Alan MCDONALD  201.0  (3.9%) 
GGGGGG __________________________________ :
Calvin OATEN  143.0  (2.8%) 
IIII ____________________________________ :
None of these  18.0   
________________________________________
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Teresa STEVENSON Elected
K

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (25% of counted votes).

Teresa STEVENSON has enough votes to guarantee victory and is declared a winner. To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking, if possible. This is actually done by counting a fraction of the ballots most recently counted for the winning candidate.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: New Zealand, Dunedin City, Cargill Ward, 2004 by DemoChoice rules
3 candidates will be elected with 5,210 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 3    
---------------------------------------- 25%
Teresa STEVENSON  1,298.0  (25.0%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ :
Paul Richard HUDSON  953.0  (18.4%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF ___________ :
Michael GUEST  736.5  (14.2%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC __________________ :
Douglas Wayne HALL  677.9  (13.1%) 
DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD ___________________ :
Nicola HOLMAN  452.4  (8.7%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEEEE __________________________ :
Jo GALER  392.0  (7.5%) 
BBBBBBBBBBBB ____________________________ :
Steve YOUNG  335.9  (6.5%) 
KKKKKKKKKKK _____________________________ :
Alan MCDONALD  203.4  (3.9%) 
GGGGGG __________________________________ :
Calvin OATEN  143.0  (2.8%) 
IIII ____________________________________ :
None of these  18.0   
________________________________________
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Calvin OATEN Defeated
B D E K L

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (25% of counted votes).

No new candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory, so the last-place candidate (Calvin OATEN) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: New Zealand, Dunedin City, Cargill Ward, 2004 by DemoChoice rules
3 candidates will be elected with 5,210 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 4    
---------------------------------------- 25%
Teresa STEVENSON  1,298.0  (25.1%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ :
Paul Richard HUDSON  964.0  (18.6%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF __________ :
Michael GUEST  752.5  (14.5%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC _________________ :
Douglas Wayne HALL  714.9  (13.8%) 
DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD __________________ :
Nicola HOLMAN  471.4  (9.1%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEEEEE _________________________ :
Jo GALER  410.0  (7.9%) 
BBBBBBBBBBBBB ___________________________ :
Steve YOUNG  355.9  (6.9%) 
KKKKKKKKKKK _____________________________ :
Alan MCDONALD  212.4  (4.1%) 
GGGGGGG _________________________________ :
None of these  31.0   
L _______________________________________
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Alan MCDONALD Defeated
B C D E F J K L

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (25% of counted votes).

No new candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory, so the last-place candidate (Alan MCDONALD) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: New Zealand, Dunedin City, Cargill Ward, 2004 by DemoChoice rules
3 candidates will be elected with 5,210 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 5    
---------------------------------------- 25%
Teresa STEVENSON  1,303.9  (25.3%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ :
Paul Richard HUDSON  995.0  (19.3%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF _________ :
Michael GUEST  782.9  (15.2%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC ________________ :
Douglas Wayne HALL  757.9  (14.7%) 
DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD ________________ :
Nicola HOLMAN  489.4  (9.5%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE ________________________ :
Jo GALER  432.0  (8.4%) 
BBBBBBBBBBBBB ___________________________ :
Steve YOUNG  384.9  (7.5%) 
KKKKKKKKKKKK ____________________________ :
None of these  64.0   
LL ______________________________________
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Steve YOUNG Defeated
BB CC DD E FF J L

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (25% of counted votes).

No new candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory, so the last-place candidate (Steve YOUNG) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: New Zealand, Dunedin City, Cargill Ward, 2004 by DemoChoice rules
3 candidates will be elected with 5,210 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 6    
--------------------------------------- 25%
Teresa STEVENSON  1,338.4  (26.2%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ :JJJ
Paul Richard HUDSON  1,066.0  (20.8%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF ______ :
Michael GUEST  851.9  (16.7%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC _____________ :
Douglas Wayne HALL  826.9  (16.2%) 
DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD _____________ :
Nicola HOLMAN  538.4  (10.5%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE _______________________ :
Jo GALER  493.5  (9.6%) 
BBBBBBBBBBBBBBB ________________________ :
None of these  95.0   
LLL ____________________________________
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Jo GALER Defeated
CC DD EEEE FF JJ L

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (25% of counted votes).

No new candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory, so the last-place candidate (Jo GALER) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: New Zealand, Dunedin City, Cargill Ward, 2004 by DemoChoice rules
3 candidates will be elected with 5,210 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 7    
--------------------------------------- 25%
Teresa STEVENSON  1,388.8  (27.4%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ :JJJJ
Paul Richard HUDSON  1,135.0  (22.4%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF ____ :
Michael GUEST  937.9  (18.5%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC __________ :
Douglas Wayne HALL  919.9  (18.1%) 
DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD ___________ :
Nicola HOLMAN  687.4  (13.6%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE __________________ :
None of these  141.0   
LLLLL __________________________________
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Nicola HOLMAN Defeated
CCCCC DDD FFFF JJJJJ LLLL

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (25% of counted votes).

No new candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory, so the last-place candidate (Nicola HOLMAN) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: New Zealand, Dunedin City, Cargill Ward, 2004 by DemoChoice rules
3 candidates will be elected with 5,210 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 8    
-------------------------------------- 25%
Teresa STEVENSON  1,524.3  (30.8%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ :JJJJJJJJJ
Paul Richard HUDSON  1,278.0  (25.8%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF :F
Michael GUEST  1,108.4  (22.4%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC ____ :
Douglas Wayne HALL  1,035.4  (20.9%) 
DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD ______ :
None of these  264.0   
LLLLLLLL ______________________________
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Paul Richard HUDSON Elected
C

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (25% of counted votes).

Paul Richard HUDSON has enough votes to guarantee victory and is declared a winner. To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking, if possible. This is actually done by counting a fraction of the ballots most recently counted for the winning candidate.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: New Zealand, Dunedin City, Cargill Ward, 2004 by DemoChoice rules
3 candidates will be elected with 5,210 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 9    
-------------------------------------- 25%
Teresa STEVENSON  1,524.3  (30.8%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ :JJJJJJJJJ
Paul Richard HUDSON  1,236.5  (25.0%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF :F
Michael GUEST  1,133.2  (22.9%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC ___ :
Douglas Wayne HALL  1,052.0  (21.3%) 
DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD ______ :
None of these  264.0   
LLLLLLLL ______________________________
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Douglas Wayne HALL Defeated
CCCCCCCCCC FFFFFF JJJJJJJJ LLLLLLLLL

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (25% of counted votes).

No new candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory, so the last-place candidate (Douglas Wayne HALL) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: New Zealand, Dunedin City, Cargill Ward, 2004 by DemoChoice rules
3 candidates will be elected with 5,210 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 10    
------------------------------------------------ 33.3%
Teresa STEVENSON  1,783.2  (38.3%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ :JJJJJJJ
Paul Richard HUDSON  1,419.0  (30.5%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF ____ :
Michael GUEST  1,453.8  (31.2%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC ____ :
None of these  554.0   
LLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLL _______________________________
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Teresa STEVENSON Equalized
CCC FFFF

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents an elected member's equal share of the votes (33.3% of counted votes).

At this point, the number of remaining candidates equals the number of remaining seats, so the remaining candidates are declared elected.

Transfers are made from each winner until they all have an equal share of the votes.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: New Zealand, Dunedin City, Cargill Ward, 2004 by DemoChoice rules
3 candidates will be elected with 5,210 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 11    
----------------------------------------------- 33.3%
Teresa STEVENSON  1,552.0  (33.3%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ :J
Paul Richard HUDSON  1,539.5  (33.1%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF :
Michael GUEST  1,564.5  (33.6%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC :C
None of these  554.0   
LLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLL ______________________________
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Michael GUEST Equalized

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents an elected member's equal share of the votes (33.3% of counted votes).

At this point, the number of remaining candidates equals the number of remaining seats, so the remaining candidates are declared elected.

Transfers are made from each winner until they all have an equal share of the votes.

next round Next Round














 
  
DemoChoice Web Poll: New Zealand, Dunedin City, Cargill Ward, 2004 by DemoChoice rules
3 candidates will be elected with 5,210 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 12    
------------------------------------------------ 33.3%
Teresa STEVENSON  1,552.0  (33.3%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ :
Paul Richard HUDSON  1,552.0  (33.3%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF :
Michael GUEST  1,552.0  (33.3%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC :
None of these  554.0   
LLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLL _______________________________
   
Results  
Michael GUESTElected 
Paul Richard HUDSONElected 
Teresa STEVENSONElected 

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents an elected member's equal share of the votes (33.3% of counted votes).

At this point, the number of remaining candidates equals the number of remaining seats, so the remaining candidates are declared elected.
In the end, 89.4% of all cast ballots counted toward a winner. This compares to 56.4% if only the first-round votes were used. You should be able to see that the winners have a more equal mandate in the final round than in the first round.

Note that even the "highest first-round votes" method is more democratic than most methods used in US public elections: the "vote for 3" method, which allows the largest block of voters to dominate, and the district method, where choices are restricted to the one or two viable candidates within geographical boundaries drawn by the politicians in office.

The Ballot Depth section shows how much lower rankings contributed to the tally.
















 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: New Zealand, Dunedin City, Cargill Ward, 2004 by DemoChoice rules
3 candidates will be elected with 5,210 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Final Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Ballot Depth: This shows how much the lower rankings on ballots contributed to the winning candidates.

Rank Fraction of votes for winners
1st 58.4% 
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
2nd 20.9% 
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
3rd 13.0% 
XXXXXXXXXXXXX
4th 3.4% 
XXX
5th 1.8% 
XX
6th 1.1% 
X
7th 0.4%