DemoChoice Web Poll: Dáil - Dublin West 17 May 2002 Multi-member district election for lower house of Irish parliament
3 candidates will be elected with 29,988 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 1    
--------------------------------------- 25%
Lenihan, Brian (Fianna Fáil)  8,086.0  (27.0%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF :FFF
Higgins, Joe (Socialist)  6,442.0  (21.5%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE ______ :
Burton, Joan (Labour)  3,810.0  (12.7%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC ___________________ :
Terry, Sheila (Fine Gael)  3,694.0  (12.3%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ ____________________ :
Mc Donald, Mary Lou (Sinn Féin)  2,404.0  (8.0%) 
GGGGGGGGGGGG ___________________________ :
Morrissey, Tom (Progressive Democrat)  2,370.0  (7.9%) 
HHHHHHHHHHHHH __________________________ :
Doherty Ryan, Deirdre (Fianna Fáil)  2,300.0  (7.7%) 
DDDDDDDDDDDD ___________________________ :
Bonnie, Robert (Green)  748.0  (2.5%) 
BBBB ___________________________________ :
Smyth, John Thomas (Christian Solidarity)  134.0  (0.4%) 
I ______________________________________ :
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Lenihan, Brian (Fianna Fáil) Elected
D E

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (25% of counted votes).

In the first round, the first choices on each ballot are tallied.
Lenihan, Brian (Fianna Fáil) has enough votes to guarantee victory and is declared a winner. To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking, if possible. This is actually done by counting a fraction of the ballots most recently counted for the winning candidate.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Dáil - Dublin West 17 May 2002 Multi-member district election for lower house of Irish parliament
3 candidates will be elected with 29,988 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 2    
--------------------------------------- 25%
Lenihan, Brian (Fianna Fáil)  7,497.0  (25.0%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF :
Higgins, Joe (Socialist)  6,512.2  (21.7%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE _____ :
Burton, Joan (Labour)  3,867.0  (12.9%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC ___________________ :
Terry, Sheila (Fine Gael)  3,739.1  (12.5%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ ____________________ :
Mc Donald, Mary Lou (Sinn Féin)  2,428.9  (8.1%) 
GGGGGGGGGGGG ___________________________ :
Morrissey, Tom (Progressive Democrat)  2,442.8  (8.1%) 
HHHHHHHHHHHHH __________________________ :
Doherty Ryan, Deirdre (Fianna Fáil)  2,609.4  (8.7%) 
DDDDDDDDDDDDD __________________________ :
Bonnie, Robert (Green)  756.4  (2.5%) 
BBBB ___________________________________ :
Smyth, John Thomas (Christian Solidarity)  135.1  (0.5%) 
I ______________________________________ :
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Smyth, John Thomas (Christian Solidarity) Defeated

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (25% of counted votes).

No new candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory, so the last-place candidate (Smyth, John Thomas (Christian Solidarity)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

New colors:
K
None of these

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Dáil - Dublin West 17 May 2002 Multi-member district election for lower house of Irish parliament
3 candidates will be elected with 29,988 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 3    
--------------------------------------- 25%
Lenihan, Brian (Fianna Fáil)  7,499.3  (25.0%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF :F
Higgins, Joe (Socialist)  6,533.3  (21.8%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE _____ :
Burton, Joan (Labour)  3,871.1  (12.9%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC __________________ :
Terry, Sheila (Fine Gael)  3,760.2  (12.5%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ ___________________ :
Mc Donald, Mary Lou (Sinn Féin)  2,448.0  (8.2%) 
GGGGGGGGGGGGG __________________________ :
Morrissey, Tom (Progressive Democrat)  2,455.9  (8.2%) 
HHHHHHHHHHHHH __________________________ :
Doherty Ryan, Deirdre (Fianna Fáil)  2,632.8  (8.8%) 
DDDDDDDDDDDDDD _________________________ :
Bonnie, Robert (Green)  776.4  (2.6%) 
BBBB ___________________________________ :
None of these  11.0   
_______________________________________
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Bonnie, Robert (Green) Defeated
C E H J

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (25% of counted votes).

No new candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory, so the last-place candidate (Bonnie, Robert (Green)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Dáil - Dublin West 17 May 2002 Multi-member district election for lower house of Irish parliament
3 candidates will be elected with 29,988 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 4    
--------------------------------------- 25%
Lenihan, Brian (Fianna Fáil)  7,513.8  (25.1%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF :
Higgins, Joe (Socialist)  6,731.1  (22.5%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE ____ :
Burton, Joan (Labour)  4,078.5  (13.6%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC __________________ :
Terry, Sheila (Fine Gael)  3,829.2  (12.8%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ ____________________ :
Mc Donald, Mary Lou (Sinn Féin)  2,524.2  (8.4%) 
GGGGGGGGGGGGG __________________________ :
Morrissey, Tom (Progressive Democrat)  2,553.7  (8.5%) 
HHHHHHHHHHHHH __________________________ :
Doherty Ryan, Deirdre (Fianna Fáil)  2,697.5  (9.0%) 
DDDDDDDDDDDDDD _________________________ :
None of these  60.0   
K ______________________________________
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Mc Donald, Mary Lou (Sinn Féin) Defeated
CC DD EEEEEE J KK

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (25% of counted votes).

No new candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory, so the last-place candidate (Mc Donald, Mary Lou (Sinn Féin)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Dáil - Dublin West 17 May 2002 Multi-member district election for lower house of Irish parliament
3 candidates will be elected with 29,988 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 5    
-------------------------------------- 25%
Lenihan, Brian (Fianna Fáil)  7,582.7  (25.7%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF :F
Higgins, Joe (Socialist)  7,855.6  (26.6%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE :EEE
Burton, Joan (Labour)  4,374.0  (14.8%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC _______________ :
Terry, Sheila (Fine Gael)  3,980.5  (13.5%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ __________________ :
Morrissey, Tom (Progressive Democrat)  2,661.7  (9.0%) 
HHHHHHHHHHHHHH ________________________ :
Doherty Ryan, Deirdre (Fianna Fáil)  3,054.4  (10.4%) 
DDDDDDDDDDDDDDD _______________________ :
None of these  479.0   
KK ____________________________________
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Higgins, Joe (Socialist) Elected
C D H J

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (25% of counted votes).

Higgins, Joe (Socialist) has enough votes to guarantee victory and is declared a winner. To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking, if possible. This is actually done by counting a fraction of the ballots most recently counted for the winning candidate.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Dáil - Dublin West 17 May 2002 Multi-member district election for lower house of Irish parliament
3 candidates will be elected with 29,988 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 6    
--------------------------------------- 25%
Lenihan, Brian (Fianna Fáil)  7,582.7  (25.7%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF :
Higgins, Joe (Socialist)  7,377.3  (25.0%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE :
Burton, Joan (Labour)  4,623.8  (15.7%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC _______________ :
Terry, Sheila (Fine Gael)  4,037.3  (13.7%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ __________________ :
Morrissey, Tom (Progressive Democrat)  2,716.6  (9.2%) 
HHHHHHHHHHHHHH _________________________ :
Doherty Ryan, Deirdre (Fianna Fáil)  3,171.3  (10.7%) 
DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD _______________________ :
None of these  479.0   
KKK ____________________________________
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Morrissey, Tom (Progressive Democrat) Defeated
CCCC DDDD E JJJJJ K

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (25% of counted votes).

No new candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory, so the last-place candidate (Morrissey, Tom (Progressive Democrat)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Dáil - Dublin West 17 May 2002 Multi-member district election for lower house of Irish parliament
3 candidates will be elected with 29,988 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 7    
-------------------------------------- 25%
Lenihan, Brian (Fianna Fáil)  7,727.8  (26.3%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF :FFF
Higgins, Joe (Socialist)  7,473.5  (25.5%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE :E
Burton, Joan (Labour)  5,383.4  (18.3%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC __________ :
Terry, Sheila (Fine Gael)  4,931.7  (16.8%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ _____________ :
Doherty Ryan, Deirdre (Fianna Fáil)  3,843.6  (13.1%) 
DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD __________________ :
None of these  628.0   
KKK ___________________________________
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Doherty Ryan, Deirdre (Fianna Fáil) Defeated
CCCCCC E FFFFFFF JJJJ K

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (25% of counted votes).

No new candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory, so the last-place candidate (Doherty Ryan, Deirdre (Fianna Fáil)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Dáil - Dublin West 17 May 2002 Multi-member district election for lower house of Irish parliament
3 candidates will be elected with 29,988 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 8    
-------------------------------------- 25%
Lenihan, Brian (Fianna Fáil)  9,066.6  (31.2%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF :FFFFFFFFF
Higgins, Joe (Socialist)  7,671.3  (26.4%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE :E
Burton, Joan (Labour)  6,593.8  (22.7%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC ___ :
Terry, Sheila (Fine Gael)  5,739.3  (19.7%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ _________ :
None of these  917.0   
KKKKK _________________________________
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Terry, Sheila (Fine Gael) Defeated
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC EE FFFF KKK

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (25% of counted votes).

No new candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory, so the last-place candidate (Terry, Sheila (Fine Gael)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Dáil - Dublin West 17 May 2002 Multi-member district election for lower house of Irish parliament
3 candidates will be elected with 29,988 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 9    
------------------------------------------------- 33.3%
Lenihan, Brian (Fianna Fáil)  9,845.3  (34.6%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF :FF
Higgins, Joe (Socialist)  8,033.5  (28.2%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE _______ :
Burton, Joan (Labour)  10,563.2  (37.1%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC :CCCCCC
None of these  1,546.0   
KKKKKKKK _________________________________________
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Burton, Joan (Labour) Equalized
EEEEEE

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents an elected member's equal share of the votes (33.3% of counted votes).

At this point, the number of remaining candidates equals the number of remaining seats, so the remaining candidates are declared elected.

Transfers are made from each winner until they all have an equal share of the votes.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Dáil - Dublin West 17 May 2002 Multi-member district election for lower house of Irish parliament
3 candidates will be elected with 29,988 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 10    
------------------------------------------------- 33.3%
Lenihan, Brian (Fianna Fáil)  9,845.3  (34.6%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF :FF
Higgins, Joe (Socialist)  9,116.0  (32.1%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE _ :
Burton, Joan (Labour)  9,480.7  (33.3%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC :
None of these  1,546.0   
KKKKKKKK _________________________________________
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Lenihan, Brian (Fianna Fáil) Equalized
EE

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents an elected member's equal share of the votes (33.3% of counted votes).

At this point, the number of remaining candidates equals the number of remaining seats, so the remaining candidates are declared elected.

Transfers are made from each winner until they all have an equal share of the votes.

next round Next Round














 
  
DemoChoice Web Poll: Dáil - Dublin West 17 May 2002 Multi-member district election for lower house of Irish parliament
3 candidates will be elected with 29,988 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 11    
------------------------------------------------- 33.3%
Lenihan, Brian (Fianna Fáil)  9,480.7  (33.3%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF :
Higgins, Joe (Socialist)  9,480.7  (33.3%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE :E
Burton, Joan (Labour)  9,480.7  (33.3%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC :
None of these  1,546.0   
KKKKKKKK _________________________________________
   
Results  
Burton, Joan (Labour)Elected 
Higgins, Joe (Socialist)Elected 
Lenihan, Brian (Fianna Fáil)Elected 

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents an elected member's equal share of the votes (33.3% of counted votes).

At this point, the number of remaining candidates equals the number of remaining seats, so the remaining candidates are declared elected.
In the end, 94.8% of all cast ballots counted toward a winner. This compares to 61.2% if only the first-round votes were used. You should be able to see that the winners have a more equal mandate in the final round than in the first round.

Note that even the "highest first-round votes" method is more democratic than most methods used in US public elections: the "vote for 3" method, which allows the largest block of voters to dominate, and the district method, where choices are restricted to the one or two viable candidates within geographical boundaries drawn by the politicians in office.

The Ballot Depth section shows how much lower rankings contributed to the tally.
















 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Dáil - Dublin West 17 May 2002 Multi-member district election for lower house of Irish parliament
3 candidates will be elected with 29,988 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Final Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Ballot Depth: This shows how much the lower rankings on ballots contributed to the winning candidates.

Rank Fraction of votes for winners
1st 62.2% 
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
2nd 18.4% 
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
3rd 9.7% 
XXXXXXXX
4th 4.7% 
XXXX
5th 2.5% 
XX
6th 1.2% 
X