DemoChoice Web Poll: Who should be the Dem nominee in 2020?
3 candidates will be elected with 25 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 1    
------------------------------------ 25%
Al Franken  7.0  (28.0%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC :CCCCC
Kamala Harris  3.0  (12.0%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF ___________________ :
Cory Booker  3.0  (12.0%) 
IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII ___________________ :
Joe Biden  2.0  (8.0%) 
BBBBBBBBBBB _________________________ :
Amy Klobuchar  2.0  (8.0%) 
EEEEEEEEEEE _________________________ :
John Delaney  2.0  (8.0%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJ _________________________ :
Deval Patrick  2.0  (8.0%) 
KKKKKKKKKKKK ________________________ :
Jason Kander  2.0  (8.0%) 
MMMMMMMMMMMM ________________________ :
Hillary Clinton  1.0  (4.0%) 
AAAAAA ______________________________ :
Elizabeth Warren  1.0  (4.0%) 
GGGGGG ______________________________ :
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Al Franken Elected
B D E F II

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (25% of counted votes).

In the first round, the first choices on each ballot are tallied.
Al Franken has enough votes to guarantee victory and is declared a winner. To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking, if possible. This is actually done by counting a fraction of the ballots most recently counted for the winning candidate.

New colors:
N
Kirsten Gillibrand

next round Next Round














 
   
DemoChoice Web Poll: Who should be the Dem nominee in 2020?
3 candidates will be elected with 25 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 2    
------------------------------------ 25%
Al Franken  6.3  (25.0%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC :
Kamala Harris  3.1  (12.4%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF __________________ :
Cory Booker  3.2  (12.9%) 
IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII _________________ :
Joe Biden  2.1  (8.4%) 
BBBBBBBBBBBB ________________________ :
Amy Klobuchar  2.1  (8.4%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEE ________________________ :
John Delaney  2.0  (8.0%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJ ________________________ :
Deval Patrick  2.1  (8.4%) 
KKKKKKKKKKKK ________________________ :
Jason Kander  2.0  (8.0%) 
MMMMMMMMMMM _________________________ :
Hillary Clinton  1.0  (4.0%) 
AAAAAA ______________________________ :
Elizabeth Warren  1.0  (4.0%) 
GGGGGG ______________________________ :
Kirsten Gillibrand  0.1  (0.4%) 
D ___________________________________ :
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Kirsten Gillibrand Defeated
B

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (25% of counted votes).

No new candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory, so the last-place candidate (Kirsten Gillibrand) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Who should be the Dem nominee in 2020?
3 candidates will be elected with 25 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 3    
------------------------------------ 25%
Al Franken  6.3  (25.0%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC :
Kamala Harris  3.1  (12.4%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF __________________ :
Cory Booker  3.2  (12.9%) 
IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII _________________ :
Joe Biden  2.2  (8.9%) 
BBBBBBBBBBBBB _______________________ :
Amy Klobuchar  2.1  (8.4%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEE ________________________ :
John Delaney  2.0  (8.0%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJ _________________________ :
Deval Patrick  2.1  (8.4%) 
KKKKKKKKKKKK ________________________ :
Jason Kander  2.0  (8.0%) 
MMMMMMMMMMMM ________________________ :
Hillary Clinton  1.0  (4.0%) 
AAAAA _______________________________ :
Elizabeth Warren  1.0  (4.0%) 
GGGGGG ______________________________ :
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Elizabeth Warren Defeated
AAAAAA

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (25% of counted votes).

A tie was resolved by choosing a candidate at random.
No new candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory, so the last-place candidate (Elizabeth Warren) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Who should be the Dem nominee in 2020?
3 candidates will be elected with 25 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 4    
------------------------------------ 25%
Al Franken  6.3  (25.0%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC :
Kamala Harris  3.1  (12.4%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF __________________ :
Cory Booker  3.2  (12.9%) 
IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII __________________ :
Joe Biden  2.2  (8.9%) 
BBBBBBBBBBBB ________________________ :
Amy Klobuchar  2.1  (8.4%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEE ________________________ :
John Delaney  2.0  (8.0%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJ _________________________ :
Deval Patrick  2.1  (8.4%) 
KKKKKKKKKKKK ________________________ :
Jason Kander  2.0  (8.0%) 
MMMMMMMMMMMM ________________________ :
Hillary Clinton  2.0  (8.0%) 
AAAAAAAAAAAA ________________________ :
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Hillary Clinton Defeated
FFFFFF IIIII

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (25% of counted votes).

A tie was resolved by comparing votes in previous rounds.
No new candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory, so the last-place candidate (Hillary Clinton) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Who should be the Dem nominee in 2020?
3 candidates will be elected with 25 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 5    
------------------------------------ 25%
Al Franken  6.3  (25.0%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC :
Kamala Harris  4.1  (16.4%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF ____________ :
Cory Booker  4.2  (16.9%) 
IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII ____________ :
Joe Biden  2.2  (8.9%) 
BBBBBBBBBBBBB _______________________ :
Amy Klobuchar  2.1  (8.4%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEE ________________________ :
John Delaney  2.0  (8.0%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJ ________________________ :
Deval Patrick  2.1  (8.4%) 
KKKKKKKKKKKKK _______________________ :
Jason Kander  2.0  (8.0%) 
MMMMMMMMMMMM ________________________ :
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Jason Kander Defeated
IIIII JJJJJJ

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (25% of counted votes).

A tie was resolved by choosing a candidate at random.
No new candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory, so the last-place candidate (Jason Kander) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Who should be the Dem nominee in 2020?
3 candidates will be elected with 25 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 6    
------------------------------------ 25%
Al Franken  6.3  (25.0%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC :
Kamala Harris  4.1  (16.4%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF ____________ :
Cory Booker  5.2  (20.9%) 
IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII ______ :
Joe Biden  2.2  (8.9%) 
BBBBBBBBBBBBB _______________________ :
Amy Klobuchar  2.1  (8.4%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEE ________________________ :
John Delaney  3.0  (12.0%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ ___________________ :
Deval Patrick  2.1  (8.4%) 
KKKKKKKKKKKKK _______________________ :
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Amy Klobuchar Defeated
FFFFFF K NNNNNN

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (25% of counted votes).

A tie was resolved by choosing a candidate at random.
No new candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory, so the last-place candidate (Amy Klobuchar) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

New colors:
N
None of these

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Who should be the Dem nominee in 2020?
3 candidates will be elected with 25 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 7    
---------------------------------- 25%
Al Franken  6.3  (26.0%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC :CC
Kamala Harris  5.1  (21.3%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF _____ :
Cory Booker  5.2  (21.7%) 
IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII ____ :
Joe Biden  2.2  (9.2%) 
BBBBBBBBBBBBB _____________________ :
John Delaney  3.0  (12.5%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ _________________ :
Deval Patrick  2.2  (9.2%) 
KKKKKKKKKKKKK _____________________ :
None of these  1.0   
NNNNNN ____________________________
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Deval Patrick Defeated
BBBBBB FFFFF I

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (25% of counted votes).

A tie was resolved by comparing votes in previous rounds.
No new candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory, so the last-place candidate (Deval Patrick) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Who should be the Dem nominee in 2020?
3 candidates will be elected with 25 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 8    
----------------------------------- 25%
Al Franken  6.3  (26.0%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC :C
Kamala Harris  6.1  (25.4%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF :
Cory Booker  5.4  (22.6%) 
IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII ____ :
Joe Biden  3.2  (13.4%) 
BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB _________________ :
John Delaney  3.0  (12.5%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ __________________ :
None of these  1.0   
NNNNNN _____________________________
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Kamala Harris Elected

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (25% of counted votes).

Kamala Harris has enough votes to guarantee victory and is declared a winner. To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking, if possible. This is actually done by counting a fraction of the ballots most recently counted for the winning candidate.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Who should be the Dem nominee in 2020?
3 candidates will be elected with 25 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 9    
---------------------------------- 25%
Al Franken  6.3  (26.0%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC :CC
Kamala Harris  6.0  (25.0%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF :
Cory Booker  5.4  (22.6%) 
IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII ___ :
Joe Biden  3.2  (13.4%) 
BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB ________________ :
John Delaney  3.1  (12.9%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ ________________ :
None of these  1.0   
NNNNNN ____________________________
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
John Delaney Defeated
IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (25% of counted votes).

No new candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory, so the last-place candidate (John Delaney) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Who should be the Dem nominee in 2020?
3 candidates will be elected with 25 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 10    
----------------------------------- 25%
Al Franken  6.3  (26.0%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC :C
Kamala Harris  6.0  (25.0%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF :
Cory Booker  8.5  (35.6%) 
IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII :IIIIIIIIIIIIII
Joe Biden  3.2  (13.4%) 
BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB ________________ :
None of these  1.0   
NNNNNN _____________________________
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Joe Biden Defeated
CCCCCCC IIIIII NNNNNN

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (25% of counted votes).

No new candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory, so the last-place candidate (Joe Biden) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Who should be the Dem nominee in 2020?
3 candidates will be elected with 25 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 11    
--------------------------------- 25%
Al Franken  7.5  (32.5%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC :CCCCCCCCCC
Kamala Harris  6.0  (26.1%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF :F
Cory Booker  9.5  (41.5%) 
IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII :IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII
None of these  2.0   
NNNNNNNNNNNN _____________________
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Cory Booker Elected
CCCCCCC FFFF

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (25% of counted votes).

Cory Booker has enough votes to guarantee victory and is declared a winner. To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking, if possible. This is actually done by counting a fraction of the ballots most recently counted for the winning candidate.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Who should be the Dem nominee in 2020?
3 candidates will be elected with 25 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 12    
--------------------------------- 25%
Al Franken  8.7  (37.7%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC :CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
Kamala Harris  6.7  (29.0%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF :FFFFF
Cory Booker  7.7  (33.3%) 
IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII :IIIIIIIIIIII
None of these  2.0   
NNNNNNNNNNNN _____________________
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Al Franken Elected
FFFFFF

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (25% of counted votes).

Al Franken has enough votes to guarantee victory and is declared a winner. To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking, if possible. This is actually done by counting a fraction of the ballots most recently counted for the winning candidate.

next round Next Round














 
  
DemoChoice Web Poll: Who should be the Dem nominee in 2020?
3 candidates will be elected with 25 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 13    
-------------------------------------------- 33.3%
Al Franken  7.7  (33.3%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC :
Kamala Harris  7.7  (33.3%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF :
Cory Booker  7.7  (33.3%) 
IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII :I
None of these  2.0   
NNNNNNNNNNNN ________________________________
   
Results  
Al FrankenElected 
Kamala HarrisElected 
Cory BookerElected 

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (33.3% of counted votes).

At this point, the number of remaining candidates equals the number of remaining seats, so the remaining candidates are declared elected.
In the end, 92% of all cast ballots counted toward a winner. This compares to 52% if only the first-round votes were used. You should be able to see that the winners have a more equal mandate in the final round than in the first round.

Note that even the "highest first-round votes" method is more democratic than most methods used in US public elections: the "vote for 3" method, which allows the largest block of voters to dominate, and the district method, where choices are restricted to the one or two viable candidates within geographical boundaries drawn by the politicians in office.

The Ballot Depth section shows how much lower rankings contributed to the tally.
















 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Who should be the Dem nominee in 2020?
3 candidates will be elected with 25 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Final Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Ballot Depth: This shows how much the lower rankings on ballots contributed to the winning candidates.

Rank Fraction of votes for winners
1st 54.2% 
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
2nd 20.3% 
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
3rd 6.1% 
XXXXXXX
4th 6.3% 
XXXXXX
5th 7.9% 
XXXXXXXX
6th 0.5% 
X
7th 2.2% 
XXX
10th 0.4% 
X