DemoChoice Web Poll: New Zealand, Dunedin City, Cargill Ward, 2004 by DemoChoice rules
3 candidates will be elected with 5,210 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 1 Legend  
Teresa STEVENSON 
 
 1,266.0  (24.3%)   
Paul Richard HUDSON 
 
 948.0  (18.2%)   
Michael GUEST 
 
 726.0  (13.9%)   
Douglas Wayne HALL 
 
 660.0  (12.7%)   
Nicola HOLMAN 
 
 447.0  (8.6%)   
Jo GALER 
 
 385.0  (7.4%)   
Steve YOUNG 
 
 324.0  (6.2%)   
Alan MCDONALD 
 
 197.0  (3.8%)   
Calvin OATEN 
 
 142.0  (2.7%)   
Paul John Michael MCMULLAN 
 
 115.0  (2.2%)  Defeated
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

In the first round, the first choices on each ballot are tallied.
No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (25%), so the last-place candidate (Paul John Michael MCMULLAN) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: New Zealand, Dunedin City, Cargill Ward, 2004 by DemoChoice rules
3 candidates will be elected with 5,210 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 2 Legend  
Teresa STEVENSON 
 
 1,313.0  (25.3%)  Elected
Paul Richard HUDSON 
 
 953.0  (18.4%)   
Michael GUEST 
 
 735.0  (14.2%)   
Douglas Wayne HALL 
 
 675.0  (13.0%)   
Nicola HOLMAN 
 
 449.0  (8.6%)   
Jo GALER 
 
 391.0  (7.5%)   
Steve YOUNG 
 
 332.0  (6.4%)   
Alan MCDONALD 
 
 201.0  (3.9%)   
Calvin OATEN 
 
 143.0  (2.8%)   
None of these 
 
 18.0  (0.3%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Teresa STEVENSON has enough votes to guarantee victory (25%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: New Zealand, Dunedin City, Cargill Ward, 2004 by DemoChoice rules
3 candidates will be elected with 5,210 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 3 Legend  
Teresa STEVENSON 
 
 1,298.0  (25.0%)   
Paul Richard HUDSON 
 
 953.0  (18.4%)   
Michael GUEST 
 
 736.5  (14.2%)   
Douglas Wayne HALL 
 
 677.9  (13.1%)   
Nicola HOLMAN 
 
 452.4  (8.7%)   
Jo GALER 
 
 392.0  (7.5%)   
Steve YOUNG 
 
 335.9  (6.5%)   
Alan MCDONALD 
 
 203.4  (3.9%)   
Calvin OATEN 
 
 143.0  (2.8%)  Defeated
None of these 
 
 18.0  (0.3%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (25%), so the last-place candidate (Calvin OATEN) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: New Zealand, Dunedin City, Cargill Ward, 2004 by DemoChoice rules
3 candidates will be elected with 5,210 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 4 Legend  
Teresa STEVENSON 
 
 1,298.0  (25.1%)   
Paul Richard HUDSON 
 
 964.0  (18.6%)   
Michael GUEST 
 
 752.5  (14.5%)   
Douglas Wayne HALL 
 
 714.9  (13.8%)   
Nicola HOLMAN 
 
 471.4  (9.1%)   
Jo GALER 
 
 410.0  (7.9%)   
Steve YOUNG 
 
 355.9  (6.9%)   
Alan MCDONALD 
 
 212.4  (4.1%)  Defeated
None of these 
 
 31.0  (0.6%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (25%), so the last-place candidate (Alan MCDONALD) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: New Zealand, Dunedin City, Cargill Ward, 2004 by DemoChoice rules
3 candidates will be elected with 5,210 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 5 Legend  
Teresa STEVENSON 
 
 1,303.9  (25.3%)   
Paul Richard HUDSON 
 
 995.0  (19.3%)   
Michael GUEST 
 
 782.9  (15.2%)   
Douglas Wayne HALL 
 
 757.9  (14.7%)   
Nicola HOLMAN 
 
 489.4  (9.5%)   
Jo GALER 
 
 432.0  (8.4%)   
Steve YOUNG 
 
 384.9  (7.5%)  Defeated
None of these 
 
 64.0  (1.2%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (25%), so the last-place candidate (Steve YOUNG) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: New Zealand, Dunedin City, Cargill Ward, 2004 by DemoChoice rules
3 candidates will be elected with 5,210 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 6 Legend  
Teresa STEVENSON 
 
 1,338.4  (26.2%)   
Paul Richard HUDSON 
 
 1,066.0  (20.8%)   
Michael GUEST 
 
 851.9  (16.7%)   
Douglas Wayne HALL 
 
 826.9  (16.2%)   
Nicola HOLMAN 
 
 538.4  (10.5%)   
Jo GALER 
 
 493.5  (9.6%)  Defeated
None of these 
 
 95.0  (1.9%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (25%), so the last-place candidate (Jo GALER) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: New Zealand, Dunedin City, Cargill Ward, 2004 by DemoChoice rules
3 candidates will be elected with 5,210 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 7 Legend  
Teresa STEVENSON 
 
 1,388.8  (27.4%)   
Paul Richard HUDSON 
 
 1,135.0  (22.4%)   
Michael GUEST 
 
 937.9  (18.5%)   
Douglas Wayne HALL 
 
 919.9  (18.1%)   
Nicola HOLMAN 
 
 687.4  (13.6%)  Defeated
None of these 
 
 141.0  (2.8%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (25%), so the last-place candidate (Nicola HOLMAN) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: New Zealand, Dunedin City, Cargill Ward, 2004 by DemoChoice rules
3 candidates will be elected with 5,210 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 8 Legend  
Teresa STEVENSON 
 
 1,524.3  (30.8%)   
Paul Richard HUDSON 
 
 1,278.0  (25.8%)  Elected
Michael GUEST 
 
 1,108.4  (22.4%)   
Douglas Wayne HALL 
 
 1,035.4  (20.9%)   
None of these 
 
 264.0  (5.3%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Paul Richard HUDSON has enough votes to guarantee victory (25%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: New Zealand, Dunedin City, Cargill Ward, 2004 by DemoChoice rules
3 candidates will be elected with 5,210 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 9 Legend  
Teresa STEVENSON 
 
 1,524.3  (30.8%)   
Paul Richard HUDSON 
 
 1,236.5  (25.0%)   
Michael GUEST 
 
 1,133.2  (22.9%)   
Douglas Wayne HALL 
 
 1,052.0  (21.3%)  Defeated
None of these 
 
 264.0  (5.3%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (25%), so the last-place candidate (Douglas Wayne HALL) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: New Zealand, Dunedin City, Cargill Ward, 2004 by DemoChoice rules
3 candidates will be elected with 5,210 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 10 Legend  
Teresa STEVENSON 
 
 1,783.2  (38.3%)  Equalized
Paul Richard HUDSON 
 
 1,419.0  (30.5%)   
Michael GUEST 
 
 1,453.8  (31.2%)   
None of these 
 
 554.0  (11.9%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

At this point, the number of remaining candidates equals the number of remaining seats, so the remaining candidates are declared elected.

Transfers are made from each winner until they all have an equal share of the votes.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: New Zealand, Dunedin City, Cargill Ward, 2004 by DemoChoice rules
3 candidates will be elected with 5,210 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 11 Legend  
Teresa STEVENSON 
 
 1,552.0  (33.3%)   
Paul Richard HUDSON 
 
 1,539.5  (33.1%)   
Michael GUEST 
 
 1,564.5  (33.6%)  Equalized
None of these 
 
 554.0  (11.9%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

At this point, the number of remaining candidates equals the number of remaining seats, so the remaining candidates are declared elected.

Transfers are made from each winner until they all have an equal share of the votes.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: New Zealand, Dunedin City, Cargill Ward, 2004 by DemoChoice rules
3 candidates will be elected with 5,210 ballots cast.

First Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 12 Legend  
Teresa STEVENSON 
 
 1,552.0  (33.3%)  Elected
Paul Richard HUDSON 
 
 1,552.0  (33.3%)  Elected
Michael GUEST 
 
 1,552.0  (33.3%)  Elected
None of these 
 
 554.0  (11.9%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

At this point, the number of remaining candidates equals the number of remaining seats, so the remaining candidates are declared elected.
In the end, 89.4% of all cast ballots counted toward a winner. This compares to 56.4% if only the first-round votes were used. You should be able to see that the winners have a more equal mandate in the final round than in the first round.

Note that even the "highest first-round votes" method is more democratic than most methods used in US public elections: the "vote for 3" method, which allows the largest block of voters to dominate, and the district method, where choices are restricted to the one or two viable candidates within geographical boundaries drawn by the politicians in office.

Also, view the Ballot Depth info to see how much lower rankings contributed to the tally.
















 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: New Zealand, Dunedin City, Cargill Ward, 2004 by DemoChoice rules
3 candidates will be elected with 5,210 ballots cast.

First Round | Last Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Ballot Depth: This shows how much the lower rankings on ballots contributed to the winning candidates.

Rank   Fraction of votes for winners
1st 
 
58.4%   
2nd 
 
20.9%   
3rd 
 
13.0%   
4th 
 
3.4%   
5th 
 
1.8%   
6th 
 
1.1%   
7th 
 
0.4%   
8th 
 
0.4%   
9th 
 
0.3%   
10th 
 
0.3%   
  pies need GD