DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 2005 School Committee Election
6 candidates will be elected with 15,470 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 1 Legend  
Schuster, Luc 
 
 2,387.0  (15.4%)  Elected
Grassi, Joseph G. 
 
 2,281.0  (14.7%)   
Write-In 1 
 
 2,004.0  (13.0%)   
Harding, Richard, Jr. 
 
 1,990.0  (12.9%)   
Lummis, Ben 
 
 1,981.0  (12.8%)   
Walser, Nancy 
 
 1,843.0  (11.9%)   
McGovern, Marc C. 
 
 1,514.0  (9.8%)   
Nolan, Patricia M. 
 
 1,413.0  (9.1%)   
Write-In 2 
 
 54.0  (0.3%)   
Write-In 3 
 
 2.0  (0.0%)   
Write-In 4 
 
 1.0  (0.0%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

In the first round, the first choices on each ballot are tallied.
Schuster, Luc has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 2005 School Committee Election
6 candidates will be elected with 15,470 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 2 Legend  
Schuster, Luc 
 
 2,210.0  (14.3%)   
Grassi, Joseph G. 
 
 2,281.0  (14.7%)  Elected
Write-In 1 
 
 2,041.5  (13.2%)   
Harding, Richard, Jr. 
 
 2,000.1  (12.9%)   
Lummis, Ben 
 
 1,991.9  (12.9%)   
Walser, Nancy 
 
 1,907.6  (12.3%)   
McGovern, Marc C. 
 
 1,535.8  (9.9%)   
Nolan, Patricia M. 
 
 1,445.0  (9.3%)   
Write-In 2 
 
 54.3  (0.4%)   
Write-In 3 
 
 2.0  (0.0%)   
Write-In 4 
 
 1.0  (0.0%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Grassi, Joseph G. has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
   
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 2005 School Committee Election
6 candidates will be elected with 15,470 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 3 Legend  
Schuster, Luc 
 
 2,210.0  (14.3%)   
Grassi, Joseph G. 
 
 2,210.0  (14.3%)   
Write-In 1 
 
 2,047.0  (13.2%)   
Harding, Richard, Jr. 
 
 2,045.1  (13.2%)   
Lummis, Ben 
 
 1,998.6  (12.9%)   
Walser, Nancy 
 
 1,910.3  (12.3%)   
McGovern, Marc C. 
 
 1,539.9  (10.0%)   
Nolan, Patricia M. 
 
 1,451.7  (9.4%)   
Write-In 2 
 
 54.4  (0.4%)   
Write-In 3 
 
 2.0  (0.0%)   
Write-In 4 
 
 1.0  (0.0%)  Defeated
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (14.3%), so the last-place candidate (Write-In 4) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 2005 School Committee Election
6 candidates will be elected with 15,470 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 4 Legend  
Schuster, Luc 
 
 2,210.0  (14.3%)   
Grassi, Joseph G. 
 
 2,210.0  (14.3%)   
Write-In 1 
 
 2,047.0  (13.2%)   
Harding, Richard, Jr. 
 
 2,045.1  (13.2%)   
Lummis, Ben 
 
 1,998.6  (12.9%)   
Walser, Nancy 
 
 1,910.3  (12.3%)   
McGovern, Marc C. 
 
 1,539.9  (10.0%)   
Nolan, Patricia M. 
 
 1,451.7  (9.4%)   
Write-In 2 
 
 54.4  (0.4%)   
Write-In 3 
 
 2.0  (0.0%)  Defeated
None of these 
 
 1.0  (0.0%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (14.3%), so the last-place candidate (Write-In 3) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 2005 School Committee Election
6 candidates will be elected with 15,470 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 5 Legend  
Schuster, Luc 
 
 2,210.0  (14.3%)   
Grassi, Joseph G. 
 
 2,210.0  (14.3%)   
Write-In 1 
 
 2,047.0  (13.2%)   
Harding, Richard, Jr. 
 
 2,046.1  (13.2%)   
Lummis, Ben 
 
 1,998.6  (12.9%)   
Walser, Nancy 
 
 1,910.3  (12.3%)   
McGovern, Marc C. 
 
 1,539.9  (10.0%)   
Nolan, Patricia M. 
 
 1,451.7  (9.4%)   
Write-In 2 
 
 55.4  (0.4%)  Defeated
None of these 
 
 1.0  (0.0%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (14.3%), so the last-place candidate (Write-In 2) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 2005 School Committee Election
6 candidates will be elected with 15,470 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 6 Legend  
Schuster, Luc 
 
 2,213.2  (14.3%)   
Grassi, Joseph G. 
 
 2,210.2  (14.3%)   
Write-In 1 
 
 2,053.0  (13.3%)   
Harding, Richard, Jr. 
 
 2,046.1  (13.3%)   
Lummis, Ben 
 
 2,004.7  (13.0%)   
Walser, Nancy 
 
 1,911.3  (12.4%)   
McGovern, Marc C. 
 
 1,539.9  (10.0%)   
Nolan, Patricia M. 
 
 1,453.7  (9.4%)  Defeated
None of these 
 
 38.0  (0.2%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (14.3%), so the last-place candidate (Nolan, Patricia M.) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 2005 School Committee Election
6 candidates will be elected with 15,470 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 7 Legend  
Schuster, Luc 
 
 2,254.0  (14.8%)   
Grassi, Joseph G. 
 
 2,246.3  (14.7%)   
Write-In 1 
 
 2,418.1  (15.8%)  Elected
Harding, Richard, Jr. 
 
 2,146.7  (14.1%)   
Lummis, Ben 
 
 2,221.7  (14.6%)   
Walser, Nancy 
 
 2,159.7  (14.1%)   
McGovern, Marc C. 
 
 1,819.5  (11.9%)   
None of these 
 
 204.0  (1.3%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Write-In 1 has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 2005 School Committee Election
6 candidates will be elected with 15,470 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 8 Legend  
Schuster, Luc 
 
 2,254.0  (14.8%)   
Grassi, Joseph G. 
 
 2,246.3  (14.7%)   
Write-In 1 
 
 2,180.9  (14.3%)   
Harding, Richard, Jr. 
 
 2,210.2  (14.5%)   
Lummis, Ben 
 
 2,221.7  (14.6%)   
Walser, Nancy 
 
 2,221.7  (14.6%)   
McGovern, Marc C. 
 
 1,931.2  (12.7%)  Defeated
None of these 
 
 204.0  (1.3%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (14.3%), so the last-place candidate (McGovern, Marc C.) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 2005 School Committee Election
6 candidates will be elected with 15,470 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 9 Legend  
Schuster, Luc 
 
 2,658.0  (17.7%)   
Grassi, Joseph G. 
 
 2,382.6  (15.8%)   
Write-In 1 
 
 2,826.8  (18.8%)  Elected
Harding, Richard, Jr. 
 
 2,280.2  (15.2%)   
Lummis, Ben 
 
 2,435.7  (16.2%)   
Walser, Nancy 
 
 2,451.7  (16.3%)   
None of these 
 
 435.0  (2.9%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Write-In 1 has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 2005 School Committee Election
6 candidates will be elected with 15,470 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 10 Legend  
Schuster, Luc 
 
 2,658.0  (17.7%)  Elected
Grassi, Joseph G. 
 
 2,439.6  (16.2%)   
Write-In 1 
 
 2,505.8  (16.7%)   
Harding, Richard, Jr. 
 
 2,327.2  (15.5%)   
Lummis, Ben 
 
 2,536.7  (16.9%)   
Walser, Nancy 
 
 2,567.7  (17.1%)   
None of these 
 
 435.0  (2.9%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Schuster, Luc has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 2005 School Committee Election
6 candidates will be elected with 15,470 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 11 Legend  
Schuster, Luc 
 
 2,505.8  (16.7%)   
Grassi, Joseph G. 
 
 2,508.9  (16.7%)   
Write-In 1 
 
 2,505.8  (16.7%)   
Harding, Richard, Jr. 
 
 2,410.1  (16.0%)   
Lummis, Ben 
 
 2,536.7  (16.9%)   
Walser, Nancy 
 
 2,567.7  (17.1%)  Elected
None of these 
 
 435.0  (2.9%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Walser, Nancy has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 2005 School Committee Election
6 candidates will be elected with 15,470 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 12 Legend  
Schuster, Luc 
 
 2,505.8  (16.7%)   
Grassi, Joseph G. 
 
 2,508.9  (16.7%)   
Write-In 1 
 
 2,505.8  (16.7%)   
Harding, Richard, Jr. 
 
 2,472.0  (16.4%)   
Lummis, Ben 
 
 2,536.7  (16.9%)  Elected
Walser, Nancy 
 
 2,505.8  (16.7%)   
None of these 
 
 435.0  (2.9%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Lummis, Ben has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 2005 School Committee Election
6 candidates will be elected with 15,470 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 13 Legend  
Schuster, Luc 
 
 2,505.8  (16.7%)   
Grassi, Joseph G. 
 
 2,508.9  (16.7%)  Elected
Write-In 1 
 
 2,505.8  (16.7%)   
Harding, Richard, Jr. 
 
 2,502.8  (16.6%)   
Lummis, Ben 
 
 2,505.8  (16.7%)   
Walser, Nancy 
 
 2,505.8  (16.7%)   
None of these 
 
 435.0  (2.9%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Grassi, Joseph G. has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 2005 School Committee Election
6 candidates will be elected with 15,470 ballots cast.

First Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 14 Legend  
Schuster, Luc 
 
 2,505.8  (16.7%)  Elected
Grassi, Joseph G. 
 
 2,505.8  (16.7%)  Elected
Write-In 1 
 
 2,505.8  (16.7%)  Elected
Harding, Richard, Jr. 
 
 2,505.8  (16.7%)  Elected
Lummis, Ben 
 
 2,505.8  (16.7%)  Elected
Walser, Nancy 
 
 2,505.8  (16.7%)  Elected
None of these 
 
 435.0  (2.9%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

At this point, the number of remaining candidates equals the number of remaining seats, so the remaining candidates are declared elected.
In the end, 97.2% of all cast ballots counted toward a winner. This compares to 80.7% if only the first-round votes were used. You should be able to see that the winners have a more equal mandate in the final round than in the first round.

Note that even the "highest first-round votes" method is more democratic than most methods used in US public elections: the "vote for 6" method, which allows the largest block of voters to dominate, and the district method, where choices are restricted to the one or two viable candidates within geographical boundaries drawn by the politicians in office.

Also, view the Ballot Depth info to see how much lower rankings contributed to the tally.
















 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 2005 School Committee Election
6 candidates will be elected with 15,470 ballots cast.

First Round | Last Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Ballot Depth: This shows how much the lower rankings on ballots contributed to the winning candidates.

Rank   Fraction of votes for winners
1st 
 
80.8%   
2nd 
 
11.5%   
3rd 
 
5.1%   
4th 
 
1.4%   
5th 
 
0.6%   
6th 
 
0.3%   
7th 
 
0.3%   
  pies need GD