DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 2003 School Committee Election (By DemoChoice rules)
6 candidates will be elected with 18,698 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 1 Legend  
Walser, Nancy 
 
 3,842.0  (20.5%)  Elected
Fantini, Alfred B. 
 
 2,905.0  (15.5%)   
McGovern, Marc C. 
 
 2,716.0  (14.5%)   
Lummis, Ben 
 
 2,604.0  (13.9%)   
Harding, Richard, Jr. 
 
 2,362.0  (12.6%)   
Grassi, Joseph G. 
 
 2,295.0  (12.3%)   
Price, Alan C. 
 
 1,301.0  (7.0%)   
Craig, Christopher 
 
 573.0  (3.1%)   
Write-in 1 
 
 95.0  (0.5%)   
Write-in 2 
 
 3.0  (0.0%)   
Write-in 3 
 
 2.0  (0.0%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

In the first round, the first choices on each ballot are tallied.
Walser, Nancy has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 2003 School Committee Election (By DemoChoice rules)
6 candidates will be elected with 18,698 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 2 Legend  
Walser, Nancy 
 
 2,671.1  (14.3%)   
Fantini, Alfred B. 
 
 2,905.0  (15.5%)  Elected
McGovern, Marc C. 
 
 2,716.0  (14.5%)   
Lummis, Ben 
 
 2,912.6  (15.6%)   
Harding, Richard, Jr. 
 
 2,642.2  (14.1%)   
Grassi, Joseph G. 
 
 2,443.7  (13.1%)   
Price, Alan C. 
 
 1,642.8  (8.8%)   
Craig, Christopher 
 
 661.7  (3.5%)   
Write-in 1 
 
 97.8  (0.5%)   
Write-in 2 
 
 3.0  (0.0%)   
Write-in 3 
 
 2.0  (0.0%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Fantini, Alfred B. has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 2003 School Committee Election (By DemoChoice rules)
6 candidates will be elected with 18,698 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 3 Legend  
Walser, Nancy 
 
 2,671.1  (14.3%)   
Fantini, Alfred B. 
 
 2,671.1  (14.3%)   
McGovern, Marc C. 
 
 2,716.0  (14.5%)  Elected
Lummis, Ben 
 
 2,912.6  (15.6%)   
Harding, Richard, Jr. 
 
 2,673.5  (14.3%)   
Grassi, Joseph G. 
 
 2,614.7  (14.0%)   
Price, Alan C. 
 
 1,660.8  (8.9%)   
Craig, Christopher 
 
 674.8  (3.6%)   
Write-in 1 
 
 98.3  (0.5%)   
Write-in 2 
 
 3.0  (0.0%)   
Write-in 3 
 
 2.0  (0.0%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

McGovern, Marc C. has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 2003 School Committee Election (By DemoChoice rules)
6 candidates will be elected with 18,698 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 4 Legend  
Walser, Nancy 
 
 2,671.1  (14.3%)   
Fantini, Alfred B. 
 
 2,671.1  (14.3%)   
McGovern, Marc C. 
 
 2,671.1  (14.3%)   
Lummis, Ben 
 
 2,912.6  (15.6%)  Elected
Harding, Richard, Jr. 
 
 2,673.5  (14.3%)   
Grassi, Joseph G. 
 
 2,625.2  (14.0%)   
Price, Alan C. 
 
 1,682.4  (9.0%)   
Craig, Christopher 
 
 687.3  (3.7%)   
Write-in 1 
 
 98.6  (0.5%)   
Write-in 2 
 
 3.0  (0.0%)   
Write-in 3 
 
 2.0  (0.0%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Lummis, Ben has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 2003 School Committee Election (By DemoChoice rules)
6 candidates will be elected with 18,698 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 5 Legend  
Walser, Nancy 
 
 2,671.1  (14.3%)   
Fantini, Alfred B. 
 
 2,671.1  (14.3%)   
McGovern, Marc C. 
 
 2,671.1  (14.3%)   
Lummis, Ben 
 
 2,671.1  (14.3%)   
Harding, Richard, Jr. 
 
 2,673.5  (14.3%)  Elected
Grassi, Joseph G. 
 
 2,667.0  (14.3%)   
Price, Alan C. 
 
 1,816.3  (9.7%)   
Craig, Christopher 
 
 752.3  (4.0%)   
Write-in 1 
 
 99.3  (0.5%)   
Write-in 2 
 
 3.2  (0.0%)   
Write-in 3 
 
 2.0  (0.0%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Harding, Richard, Jr. has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 2003 School Committee Election (By DemoChoice rules)
6 candidates will be elected with 18,698 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 6 Legend  
Walser, Nancy 
 
 2,671.1  (14.3%)   
Fantini, Alfred B. 
 
 2,671.1  (14.3%)   
McGovern, Marc C. 
 
 2,671.1  (14.3%)   
Lummis, Ben 
 
 2,671.1  (14.3%)   
Harding, Richard, Jr. 
 
 2,671.1  (14.3%)   
Grassi, Joseph G. 
 
 2,668.4  (14.3%)   
Price, Alan C. 
 
 1,817.0  (9.7%)   
Craig, Christopher 
 
 752.5  (4.0%)   
Write-in 1 
 
 99.3  (0.5%)   
Write-in 2 
 
 3.2  (0.0%)   
Write-in 3 
 
 2.0  (0.0%)  Defeated
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (14.3%), so the last-place candidate (Write-in 3) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 2003 School Committee Election (By DemoChoice rules)
6 candidates will be elected with 18,698 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 7 Legend  
Walser, Nancy 
 
 2,671.1  (14.3%)   
Fantini, Alfred B. 
 
 2,671.1  (14.3%)   
McGovern, Marc C. 
 
 2,671.1  (14.3%)   
Lummis, Ben 
 
 2,671.1  (14.3%)   
Harding, Richard, Jr. 
 
 2,671.1  (14.3%)   
Grassi, Joseph G. 
 
 2,668.4  (14.3%)   
Price, Alan C. 
 
 1,817.0  (9.7%)   
Craig, Christopher 
 
 752.5  (4.0%)   
Write-in 1 
 
 99.3  (0.5%)   
Write-in 2 
 
 3.2  (0.0%)  Defeated
None of these 
 
 2.0  (0.0%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (14.3%), so the last-place candidate (Write-in 2) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 2003 School Committee Election (By DemoChoice rules)
6 candidates will be elected with 18,698 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 8 Legend  
Walser, Nancy 
 
 2,671.1  (14.3%)   
Fantini, Alfred B. 
 
 2,671.1  (14.3%)   
McGovern, Marc C. 
 
 2,671.2  (14.3%)   
Lummis, Ben 
 
 2,671.1  (14.3%)   
Harding, Richard, Jr. 
 
 2,671.1  (14.3%)   
Grassi, Joseph G. 
 
 2,668.4  (14.3%)   
Price, Alan C. 
 
 1,817.0  (9.7%)   
Craig, Christopher 
 
 752.5  (4.0%)   
Write-in 1 
 
 99.4  (0.5%)  Defeated
None of these 
 
 5.0  (0.0%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (14.3%), so the last-place candidate (Write-in 1) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 2003 School Committee Election (By DemoChoice rules)
6 candidates will be elected with 18,698 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 9 Legend  
Walser, Nancy 
 
 2,676.2  (14.4%)   
Fantini, Alfred B. 
 
 2,673.7  (14.4%)   
McGovern, Marc C. 
 
 2,671.4  (14.3%)   
Lummis, Ben 
 
 2,673.4  (14.4%)   
Harding, Richard, Jr. 
 
 2,671.1  (14.3%)   
Grassi, Joseph G. 
 
 2,671.8  (14.3%)  Elected
Price, Alan C. 
 
 1,827.4  (9.8%)   
Craig, Christopher 
 
 764.0  (4.1%)   
None of these 
 
 69.0  (0.4%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Grassi, Joseph G. has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 2003 School Committee Election (By DemoChoice rules)
6 candidates will be elected with 18,698 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 10 Legend  
Walser, Nancy 
 
 2,676.2  (14.4%)   
Fantini, Alfred B. 
 
 2,673.7  (14.4%)   
McGovern, Marc C. 
 
 2,671.4  (14.3%)   
Lummis, Ben 
 
 2,673.4  (14.4%)   
Harding, Richard, Jr. 
 
 2,671.1  (14.3%)   
Grassi, Joseph G. 
 
 2,671.8  (14.3%)   
Price, Alan C. 
 
 1,827.4  (9.8%)   
Craig, Christopher 
 
 764.0  (4.1%)  Defeated
None of these 
 
 69.0  (0.4%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (14.3%), so the last-place candidate (Craig, Christopher) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 2003 School Committee Election (By DemoChoice rules)
6 candidates will be elected with 18,698 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 11 Legend  
Walser, Nancy 
 
 2,769.3  (14.9%)   
Fantini, Alfred B. 
 
 2,709.1  (14.6%)   
McGovern, Marc C. 
 
 2,749.5  (14.8%)   
Lummis, Ben 
 
 2,856.2  (15.4%)   
Harding, Richard, Jr. 
 
 2,682.1  (14.5%)   
Grassi, Joseph G. 
 
 2,694.8  (14.5%)   
Price, Alan C. 
 
 2,089.9  (11.3%)  Defeated
None of these 
 
 147.0  (0.8%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (14.3%), so the last-place candidate (Price, Alan C.) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 2003 School Committee Election (By DemoChoice rules)
6 candidates will be elected with 18,698 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 12 Legend  
Walser, Nancy 
 
 3,594.4  (19.5%)  Equalized
Fantini, Alfred B. 
 
 2,849.7  (15.5%)   
McGovern, Marc C. 
 
 2,983.6  (16.2%)   
Lummis, Ben 
 
 3,341.5  (18.1%)   
Harding, Richard, Jr. 
 
 2,910.1  (15.8%)   
Grassi, Joseph G. 
 
 2,743.8  (14.9%)   
None of these 
 
 275.0  (1.5%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

At this point, the number of remaining candidates equals the number of remaining seats, so the remaining candidates are declared elected.

Transfers are made from each winner until they all have an equal share of the votes.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 2003 School Committee Election (By DemoChoice rules)
6 candidates will be elected with 18,698 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 13 Legend  
Walser, Nancy 
 
 3,070.5  (16.7%)   
Fantini, Alfred B. 
 
 2,953.1  (16.0%)   
McGovern, Marc C. 
 
 3,128.8  (17.0%)   
Lummis, Ben 
 
 3,341.5  (18.1%)  Equalized
Harding, Richard, Jr. 
 
 3,132.6  (17.0%)   
Grassi, Joseph G. 
 
 2,796.6  (15.2%)   
None of these 
 
 275.0  (1.5%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

At this point, the number of remaining candidates equals the number of remaining seats, so the remaining candidates are declared elected.

Transfers are made from each winner until they all have an equal share of the votes.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 2003 School Committee Election (By DemoChoice rules)
6 candidates will be elected with 18,698 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 14 Legend  
Walser, Nancy 
 
 3,070.5  (16.7%)   
Fantini, Alfred B. 
 
 3,101.1  (16.8%)   
McGovern, Marc C. 
 
 3,128.8  (17.0%)   
Lummis, Ben 
 
 3,070.5  (16.7%)   
Harding, Richard, Jr. 
 
 3,132.6  (17.0%)  Equalized
Grassi, Joseph G. 
 
 2,919.5  (15.8%)   
None of these 
 
 275.0  (1.5%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

At this point, the number of remaining candidates equals the number of remaining seats, so the remaining candidates are declared elected.

Transfers are made from each winner until they all have an equal share of the votes.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 2003 School Committee Election (By DemoChoice rules)
6 candidates will be elected with 18,698 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 15 Legend  
Walser, Nancy 
 
 3,070.5  (16.7%)   
Fantini, Alfred B. 
 
 3,101.1  (16.8%)   
McGovern, Marc C. 
 
 3,128.8  (17.0%)  Equalized
Lummis, Ben 
 
 3,070.5  (16.7%)   
Harding, Richard, Jr. 
 
 3,070.5  (16.7%)   
Grassi, Joseph G. 
 
 2,981.6  (16.2%)   
None of these 
 
 275.0  (1.5%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

At this point, the number of remaining candidates equals the number of remaining seats, so the remaining candidates are declared elected.

Transfers are made from each winner until they all have an equal share of the votes.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 2003 School Committee Election (By DemoChoice rules)
6 candidates will be elected with 18,698 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 16 Legend  
Walser, Nancy 
 
 3,070.5  (16.7%)   
Fantini, Alfred B. 
 
 3,101.1  (16.8%)  Equalized
McGovern, Marc C. 
 
 3,070.5  (16.7%)   
Lummis, Ben 
 
 3,070.5  (16.7%)   
Harding, Richard, Jr. 
 
 3,070.5  (16.7%)   
Grassi, Joseph G. 
 
 3,039.9  (16.5%)   
None of these 
 
 275.0  (1.5%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

At this point, the number of remaining candidates equals the number of remaining seats, so the remaining candidates are declared elected.

Transfers are made from each winner until they all have an equal share of the votes.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 2003 School Committee Election (By DemoChoice rules)
6 candidates will be elected with 18,698 ballots cast.

First Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 17 Legend  
Walser, Nancy 
 
 3,070.5  (16.7%)  Elected
Fantini, Alfred B. 
 
 3,070.5  (16.7%)  Elected
McGovern, Marc C. 
 
 3,070.5  (16.7%)  Elected
Lummis, Ben 
 
 3,070.5  (16.7%)  Elected
Harding, Richard, Jr. 
 
 3,070.5  (16.7%)  Elected
Grassi, Joseph G. 
 
 3,070.5  (16.7%)  Elected
None of these 
 
 275.0  (1.5%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

At this point, the number of remaining candidates equals the number of remaining seats, so the remaining candidates are declared elected.
In the end, 98.5% of all cast ballots counted toward a winner. This compares to 89.4% if only the first-round votes were used. You should be able to see that the winners have a more equal mandate in the final round than in the first round.

Note that even the "highest first-round votes" method is more democratic than most methods used in US public elections: the "vote for 6" method, which allows the largest block of voters to dominate, and the district method, where choices are restricted to the one or two viable candidates within geographical boundaries drawn by the politicians in office.

Also, view the Ballot Depth info to see how much lower rankings contributed to the tally.
















 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 2003 School Committee Election (By DemoChoice rules)
6 candidates will be elected with 18,698 ballots cast.

First Round | Last Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Ballot Depth: This shows how much the lower rankings on ballots contributed to the winning candidates.

Rank   Fraction of votes for winners
1st 
 
82.0%   
2nd 
 
13.2%   
3rd 
 
2.9%   
4th 
 
0.8%   
5th 
 
0.4%   
6th 
 
0.3%   
7th 
 
0.2%   
8th 
 
0.1%   
  pies need GD