DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 1997 City Council Election by DemoChoice rules
9 candidates will be elected with 16,879 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 1 Legend  
Galluccio, Anthony 
 
 2,462.0  (14.6%)  Elected
Duehay, Francis H. 
 
 1,985.0  (11.8%)   
Triantafillou, Katharine 
 
 1,751.0  (10.4%)   
Toomey, Timothy J. 
 
 1,743.0  (10.3%)   
Sullivan, Michael 
 
 1,701.0  (10.1%)   
Born, Kathleen 
 
 1,521.0  (9.0%)   
Russell, Sheila T. 
 
 1,511.0  (9.0%)   
Reeves, Kenneth E. 
 
 1,383.0  (8.2%)   
Davis, Henrietta 
 
 929.0  (5.5%)   
Cunningham, William 
 
 378.0  (2.2%)   
Harding, Donald 
 
 360.0  (2.1%)   
Trumbull, David 
 
 352.0  (2.1%)   
Winters, Robert 
 
 293.0  (1.7%)   
MacKinnon, Ian 
 
 268.0  (1.6%)   
Frymire, Roger 
 
 74.0  (0.4%)   
Jones, William C. 
 
 41.0  (0.2%)   
Mathew, Biju 
 
 41.0  (0.2%)   
Whitlow, Douglas 
 
 33.0  (0.2%)   
Vienneau, William P. 
 
 29.0  (0.2%)   
Write-In 2 
 
 12.0  (0.1%)   
Write-In 3 
 
 3.0  (0.0%)   
None of these 
 
 9.0  (0.1%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

In the first round, the first choices on each ballot are tallied.
Galluccio, Anthony has enough votes to guarantee victory (10%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 1997 City Council Election by DemoChoice rules
9 candidates will be elected with 16,879 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 2 Legend  
Galluccio, Anthony 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Duehay, Francis H. 
 
 1,985.0  (11.8%)  Elected
Triantafillou, Katharine 
 
 1,751.0  (10.4%)   
Toomey, Timothy J. 
 
 1,743.0  (10.3%)   
Sullivan, Michael 
 
 1,701.0  (10.1%)   
Born, Kathleen 
 
 1,584.6  (9.4%)   
Russell, Sheila T. 
 
 1,966.3  (11.7%)   
Reeves, Kenneth E. 
 
 1,466.3  (8.7%)   
Davis, Henrietta 
 
 954.5  (5.7%)   
Cunningham, William 
 
 387.5  (2.3%)   
Harding, Donald 
 
 413.5  (2.5%)   
Trumbull, David 
 
 393.1  (2.3%)   
Winters, Robert 
 
 309.0  (1.8%)   
MacKinnon, Ian 
 
 272.4  (1.6%)   
Frymire, Roger 
 
 79.1  (0.5%)   
Jones, William C. 
 
 45.4  (0.3%)   
Mathew, Biju 
 
 43.5  (0.3%)   
Whitlow, Douglas 
 
 37.7  (0.2%)   
Vienneau, William P. 
 
 32.6  (0.2%)   
Write-In 2 
 
 14.2  (0.1%)   
Write-In 3 
 
 3.4  (0.0%)   
None of these 
 
 9.0  (0.1%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Duehay, Francis H. has enough votes to guarantee victory (10%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 1997 City Council Election by DemoChoice rules
9 candidates will be elected with 16,879 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 3 Legend  
Galluccio, Anthony 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Duehay, Francis H. 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Triantafillou, Katharine 
 
 1,751.0  (10.4%)  Elected
Toomey, Timothy J. 
 
 1,743.0  (10.3%)   
Sullivan, Michael 
 
 1,701.0  (10.1%)   
Born, Kathleen 
 
 1,752.5  (10.4%)   
Russell, Sheila T. 
 
 1,966.3  (11.7%)   
Reeves, Kenneth E. 
 
 1,496.8  (8.9%)   
Davis, Henrietta 
 
 1,030.0  (6.1%)   
Cunningham, William 
 
 392.0  (2.3%)   
Harding, Donald 
 
 415.9  (2.5%)   
Trumbull, David 
 
 396.8  (2.4%)   
Winters, Robert 
 
 313.2  (1.9%)   
MacKinnon, Ian 
 
 274.9  (1.6%)   
Frymire, Roger 
 
 81.8  (0.5%)   
Jones, William C. 
 
 46.3  (0.3%)   
Mathew, Biju 
 
 44.8  (0.3%)   
Whitlow, Douglas 
 
 38.7  (0.2%)   
Vienneau, William P. 
 
 33.3  (0.2%)   
Write-In 2 
 
 14.2  (0.1%)   
Write-In 3 
 
 3.4  (0.0%)   
None of these 
 
 9.0  (0.1%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Triantafillou, Katharine has enough votes to guarantee victory (10%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 1997 City Council Election by DemoChoice rules
9 candidates will be elected with 16,879 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 4 Legend  
Galluccio, Anthony 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Duehay, Francis H. 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Triantafillou, Katharine 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Toomey, Timothy J. 
 
 1,743.0  (10.3%)  Elected
Sullivan, Michael 
 
 1,701.0  (10.1%)   
Born, Kathleen 
 
 1,752.5  (10.4%)   
Russell, Sheila T. 
 
 1,966.3  (11.7%)   
Reeves, Kenneth E. 
 
 1,515.6  (9.0%)   
Davis, Henrietta 
 
 1,063.8  (6.3%)   
Cunningham, William 
 
 395.8  (2.3%)   
Harding, Donald 
 
 416.8  (2.5%)   
Trumbull, David 
 
 397.3  (2.4%)   
Winters, Robert 
 
 316.0  (1.9%)   
MacKinnon, Ian 
 
 276.8  (1.6%)   
Frymire, Roger 
 
 82.4  (0.5%)   
Jones, William C. 
 
 46.3  (0.3%)   
Mathew, Biju 
 
 45.2  (0.3%)   
Whitlow, Douglas 
 
 39.2  (0.2%)   
Vienneau, William P. 
 
 33.5  (0.2%)   
Write-In 2 
 
 14.2  (0.1%)   
Write-In 3 
 
 3.4  (0.0%)   
None of these 
 
 9.0  (0.1%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Toomey, Timothy J. has enough votes to guarantee victory (10%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 1997 City Council Election by DemoChoice rules
9 candidates will be elected with 16,879 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 5 Legend  
Galluccio, Anthony 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Duehay, Francis H. 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Triantafillou, Katharine 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Toomey, Timothy J. 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Sullivan, Michael 
 
 1,701.0  (10.1%)  Elected
Born, Kathleen 
 
 1,752.5  (10.4%)   
Russell, Sheila T. 
 
 1,966.3  (11.7%)   
Reeves, Kenneth E. 
 
 1,535.0  (9.1%)   
Davis, Henrietta 
 
 1,071.0  (6.3%)   
Cunningham, William 
 
 398.6  (2.4%)   
Harding, Donald 
 
 426.1  (2.5%)   
Trumbull, David 
 
 401.0  (2.4%)   
Winters, Robert 
 
 318.7  (1.9%)   
MacKinnon, Ian 
 
 278.4  (1.7%)   
Frymire, Roger 
 
 84.7  (0.5%)   
Jones, William C. 
 
 48.1  (0.3%)   
Mathew, Biju 
 
 46.2  (0.3%)   
Whitlow, Douglas 
 
 40.4  (0.2%)   
Vienneau, William P. 
 
 36.1  (0.2%)   
Write-In 2 
 
 14.4  (0.1%)   
Write-In 3 
 
 3.4  (0.0%)   
None of these 
 
 9.0  (0.1%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Sullivan, Michael has enough votes to guarantee victory (10%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 1997 City Council Election by DemoChoice rules
9 candidates will be elected with 16,879 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 6 Legend  
Galluccio, Anthony 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Duehay, Francis H. 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Triantafillou, Katharine 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Toomey, Timothy J. 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Sullivan, Michael 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Born, Kathleen 
 
 1,752.5  (10.4%)   
Russell, Sheila T. 
 
 1,966.3  (11.7%)  Elected
Reeves, Kenneth E. 
 
 1,539.7  (9.1%)   
Davis, Henrietta 
 
 1,073.7  (6.4%)   
Cunningham, William 
 
 399.7  (2.4%)   
Harding, Donald 
 
 427.8  (2.5%)   
Trumbull, David 
 
 402.0  (2.4%)   
Winters, Robert 
 
 319.6  (1.9%)   
MacKinnon, Ian 
 
 278.6  (1.7%)   
Frymire, Roger 
 
 85.1  (0.5%)   
Jones, William C. 
 
 49.0  (0.3%)   
Mathew, Biju 
 
 46.3  (0.3%)   
Whitlow, Douglas 
 
 40.5  (0.2%)   
Vienneau, William P. 
 
 36.3  (0.2%)   
Write-In 2 
 
 14.4  (0.1%)   
Write-In 3 
 
 3.4  (0.0%)   
None of these 
 
 9.0  (0.1%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Russell, Sheila T. has enough votes to guarantee victory (10%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 1997 City Council Election by DemoChoice rules
9 candidates will be elected with 16,879 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 7 Legend  
Galluccio, Anthony 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Duehay, Francis H. 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Triantafillou, Katharine 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Toomey, Timothy J. 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Sullivan, Michael 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Born, Kathleen 
 
 1,752.5  (10.4%)  Elected
Russell, Sheila T. 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Reeves, Kenneth E. 
 
 1,620.7  (9.6%)   
Davis, Henrietta 
 
 1,140.8  (6.8%)   
Cunningham, William 
 
 414.0  (2.5%)   
Harding, Donald 
 
 461.6  (2.7%)   
Trumbull, David 
 
 426.2  (2.5%)   
Winters, Robert 
 
 335.8  (2.0%)   
MacKinnon, Ian 
 
 285.6  (1.7%)   
Frymire, Roger 
 
 95.3  (0.6%)   
Jones, William C. 
 
 58.3  (0.3%)   
Mathew, Biju 
 
 49.7  (0.3%)   
Whitlow, Douglas 
 
 48.7  (0.3%)   
Vienneau, William P. 
 
 40.7  (0.2%)   
Write-In 2 
 
 14.7  (0.1%)   
Write-In 3 
 
 3.4  (0.0%)   
None of these 
 
 9.0  (0.1%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Born, Kathleen has enough votes to guarantee victory (10%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 1997 City Council Election by DemoChoice rules
9 candidates will be elected with 16,879 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 8 Legend  
Galluccio, Anthony 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Duehay, Francis H. 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Triantafillou, Katharine 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Toomey, Timothy J. 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Sullivan, Michael 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Born, Kathleen 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Russell, Sheila T. 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Reeves, Kenneth E. 
 
 1,628.7  (9.7%)   
Davis, Henrietta 
 
 1,190.9  (7.1%)   
Cunningham, William 
 
 416.7  (2.5%)   
Harding, Donald 
 
 461.8  (2.7%)   
Trumbull, David 
 
 427.2  (2.5%)   
Winters, Robert 
 
 337.2  (2.0%)   
MacKinnon, Ian 
 
 286.4  (1.7%)   
Frymire, Roger 
 
 95.8  (0.6%)   
Jones, William C. 
 
 58.5  (0.3%)   
Mathew, Biju 
 
 50.1  (0.3%)   
Whitlow, Douglas 
 
 48.8  (0.3%)   
Vienneau, William P. 
 
 40.7  (0.2%)   
Write-In 2 
 
 14.7  (0.1%)   
Write-In 3 
 
 3.4  (0.0%)  Defeated
None of these 
 
 9.0  (0.1%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (10%), so the last-place candidate (Write-In 3) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 1997 City Council Election by DemoChoice rules
9 candidates will be elected with 16,879 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 9 Legend  
Galluccio, Anthony 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Duehay, Francis H. 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Triantafillou, Katharine 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Toomey, Timothy J. 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Sullivan, Michael 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Born, Kathleen 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Russell, Sheila T. 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Reeves, Kenneth E. 
 
 1,628.7  (9.7%)   
Davis, Henrietta 
 
 1,190.9  (7.1%)   
Cunningham, William 
 
 416.7  (2.5%)   
Harding, Donald 
 
 461.8  (2.7%)   
Trumbull, David 
 
 428.6  (2.5%)   
Winters, Robert 
 
 337.3  (2.0%)   
MacKinnon, Ian 
 
 286.4  (1.7%)   
Frymire, Roger 
 
 95.8  (0.6%)   
Jones, William C. 
 
 58.5  (0.3%)   
Mathew, Biju 
 
 50.1  (0.3%)   
Whitlow, Douglas 
 
 48.8  (0.3%)   
Vienneau, William P. 
 
 40.7  (0.2%)   
Write-In 2 
 
 14.7  (0.1%)  Defeated
None of these 
 
 11.0  (0.1%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (10%), so the last-place candidate (Write-In 2) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 1997 City Council Election by DemoChoice rules
9 candidates will be elected with 16,879 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 10 Legend  
Galluccio, Anthony 
 
 1,688.4  (10.0%)   
Duehay, Francis H. 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Triantafillou, Katharine 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Toomey, Timothy J. 
 
 1,687.1  (10.0%)   
Sullivan, Michael 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Born, Kathleen 
 
 1,688.0  (10.0%)   
Russell, Sheila T. 
 
 1,687.0  (10.0%)   
Reeves, Kenneth E. 
 
 1,629.1  (9.7%)   
Davis, Henrietta 
 
 1,190.9  (7.1%)   
Cunningham, William 
 
 417.7  (2.5%)   
Harding, Donald 
 
 463.8  (2.8%)   
Trumbull, David 
 
 434.4  (2.6%)   
Winters, Robert 
 
 338.4  (2.0%)   
MacKinnon, Ian 
 
 286.4  (1.7%)   
Frymire, Roger 
 
 95.8  (0.6%)   
Jones, William C. 
 
 58.5  (0.3%)   
Mathew, Biju 
 
 50.1  (0.3%)   
Whitlow, Douglas 
 
 48.8  (0.3%)   
Vienneau, William P. 
 
 40.7  (0.2%)  Defeated
None of these 
 
 13.0  (0.1%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (10%), so the last-place candidate (Vienneau, William P.) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 1997 City Council Election by DemoChoice rules
9 candidates will be elected with 16,879 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 11 Legend  
Galluccio, Anthony 
 
 1,690.2  (10.0%)   
Duehay, Francis H. 
 
 1,688.3  (10.0%)   
Triantafillou, Katharine 
 
 1,687.1  (10.0%)   
Toomey, Timothy J. 
 
 1,688.1  (10.0%)   
Sullivan, Michael 
 
 1,688.1  (10.0%)   
Born, Kathleen 
 
 1,688.0  (10.0%)   
Russell, Sheila T. 
 
 1,689.6  (10.0%)   
Reeves, Kenneth E. 
 
 1,633.6  (9.7%)   
Davis, Henrietta 
 
 1,195.6  (7.1%)   
Cunningham, William 
 
 419.8  (2.5%)   
Harding, Donald 
 
 465.7  (2.8%)   
Trumbull, David 
 
 434.7  (2.6%)   
Winters, Robert 
 
 342.3  (2.0%)   
MacKinnon, Ian 
 
 288.6  (1.7%)   
Frymire, Roger 
 
 96.2  (0.6%)   
Jones, William C. 
 
 59.7  (0.4%)   
Mathew, Biju 
 
 50.4  (0.3%)  Defeated
Whitlow, Douglas 
 
 51.9  (0.3%)   
None of these 
 
 21.0  (0.1%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (10%), so the last-place candidate (Mathew, Biju) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 1997 City Council Election by DemoChoice rules
9 candidates will be elected with 16,879 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 12 Legend  
Galluccio, Anthony 
 
 1,692.3  (10.0%)   
Duehay, Francis H. 
 
 1,688.6  (10.0%)   
Triantafillou, Katharine 
 
 1,687.2  (10.0%)   
Toomey, Timothy J. 
 
 1,688.5  (10.0%)   
Sullivan, Michael 
 
 1,688.1  (10.0%)   
Born, Kathleen 
 
 1,689.0  (10.0%)   
Russell, Sheila T. 
 
 1,689.8  (10.0%)   
Reeves, Kenneth E. 
 
 1,640.0  (9.7%)   
Davis, Henrietta 
 
 1,202.3  (7.1%)   
Cunningham, William 
 
 422.6  (2.5%)   
Harding, Donald 
 
 467.9  (2.8%)   
Trumbull, David 
 
 438.1  (2.6%)   
Winters, Robert 
 
 346.9  (2.1%)   
MacKinnon, Ian 
 
 293.0  (1.7%)   
Frymire, Roger 
 
 96.2  (0.6%)   
Jones, William C. 
 
 63.2  (0.4%)   
Whitlow, Douglas 
 
 55.1  (0.3%)  Defeated
None of these 
 
 30.0  (0.2%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (10%), so the last-place candidate (Whitlow, Douglas) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 1997 City Council Election by DemoChoice rules
9 candidates will be elected with 16,879 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 13 Legend  
Galluccio, Anthony 
 
 1,694.3  (10.1%)   
Duehay, Francis H. 
 
 1,688.8  (10.0%)   
Triantafillou, Katharine 
 
 1,688.5  (10.0%)   
Toomey, Timothy J. 
 
 1,689.9  (10.0%)   
Sullivan, Michael 
 
 1,688.2  (10.0%)   
Born, Kathleen 
 
 1,689.0  (10.0%)   
Russell, Sheila T. 
 
 1,692.5  (10.0%)   
Reeves, Kenneth E. 
 
 1,646.9  (9.8%)   
Davis, Henrietta 
 
 1,206.7  (7.2%)   
Cunningham, William 
 
 430.5  (2.6%)   
Harding, Donald 
 
 475.5  (2.8%)   
Trumbull, David 
 
 443.8  (2.6%)   
Winters, Robert 
 
 354.8  (2.1%)   
MacKinnon, Ian 
 
 294.8  (1.8%)   
Frymire, Roger 
 
 97.3  (0.6%)   
Jones, William C. 
 
 64.6  (0.4%)  Defeated
None of these 
 
 33.0  (0.2%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (10%), so the last-place candidate (Jones, William C.) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 1997 City Council Election by DemoChoice rules
9 candidates will be elected with 16,879 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 14 Legend  
Galluccio, Anthony 
 
 1,700.5  (10.1%)   
Duehay, Francis H. 
 
 1,689.4  (10.0%)   
Triantafillou, Katharine 
 
 1,689.5  (10.0%)   
Toomey, Timothy J. 
 
 1,694.0  (10.1%)   
Sullivan, Michael 
 
 1,689.8  (10.0%)   
Born, Kathleen 
 
 1,689.0  (10.0%)   
Russell, Sheila T. 
 
 1,698.1  (10.1%)   
Reeves, Kenneth E. 
 
 1,652.6  (9.8%)   
Davis, Henrietta 
 
 1,213.0  (7.2%)   
Cunningham, William 
 
 434.1  (2.6%)   
Harding, Donald 
 
 483.6  (2.9%)   
Trumbull, David 
 
 444.7  (2.6%)   
Winters, Robert 
 
 360.2  (2.1%)   
MacKinnon, Ian 
 
 299.0  (1.8%)   
Frymire, Roger 
 
 99.6  (0.6%)  Defeated
None of these 
 
 42.0  (0.2%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (10%), so the last-place candidate (Frymire, Roger) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 1997 City Council Election by DemoChoice rules
9 candidates will be elected with 16,879 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 15 Legend  
Galluccio, Anthony 
 
 1,704.1  (10.1%)   
Duehay, Francis H. 
 
 1,690.8  (10.0%)   
Triantafillou, Katharine 
 
 1,690.7  (10.0%)   
Toomey, Timothy J. 
 
 1,695.3  (10.1%)   
Sullivan, Michael 
 
 1,692.0  (10.1%)   
Born, Kathleen 
 
 1,689.0  (10.0%)   
Russell, Sheila T. 
 
 1,702.0  (10.1%)   
Reeves, Kenneth E. 
 
 1,664.0  (9.9%)   
Davis, Henrietta 
 
 1,228.8  (7.3%)   
Cunningham, William 
 
 444.8  (2.6%)   
Harding, Donald 
 
 490.0  (2.9%)   
Trumbull, David 
 
 453.7  (2.7%)   
Winters, Robert 
 
 377.5  (2.2%)   
MacKinnon, Ian 
 
 303.4  (1.8%)  Defeated
None of these 
 
 53.0  (0.3%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (10%), so the last-place candidate (MacKinnon, Ian) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 1997 City Council Election by DemoChoice rules
9 candidates will be elected with 16,879 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 16 Legend  
Galluccio, Anthony 
 
 1,710.7  (10.2%)   
Duehay, Francis H. 
 
 1,694.1  (10.1%)   
Triantafillou, Katharine 
 
 1,698.0  (10.1%)   
Toomey, Timothy J. 
 
 1,696.0  (10.1%)   
Sullivan, Michael 
 
 1,694.1  (10.1%)   
Born, Kathleen 
 
 1,693.0  (10.1%)   
Russell, Sheila T. 
 
 1,705.2  (10.1%)   
Reeves, Kenneth E. 
 
 1,750.9  (10.4%)  Elected
Davis, Henrietta 
 
 1,302.4  (7.8%)   
Cunningham, William 
 
 492.4  (2.9%)   
Harding, Donald 
 
 502.4  (3.0%)   
Trumbull, David 
 
 465.4  (2.8%)   
Winters, Robert 
 
 399.4  (2.4%)   
None of these 
 
 75.0  (0.4%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Reeves, Kenneth E. has enough votes to guarantee victory (10%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 1997 City Council Election by DemoChoice rules
9 candidates will be elected with 16,879 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 17 Legend  
Galluccio, Anthony 
 
 1,710.7  (10.2%)   
Duehay, Francis H. 
 
 1,694.1  (10.1%)   
Triantafillou, Katharine 
 
 1,698.0  (10.1%)   
Toomey, Timothy J. 
 
 1,696.0  (10.1%)   
Sullivan, Michael 
 
 1,694.1  (10.1%)   
Born, Kathleen 
 
 1,693.0  (10.1%)   
Russell, Sheila T. 
 
 1,705.2  (10.1%)   
Reeves, Kenneth E. 
 
 1,680.4  (10.0%)   
Davis, Henrietta 
 
 1,343.3  (8.0%)   
Cunningham, William 
 
 503.4  (3.0%)   
Harding, Donald 
 
 508.3  (3.0%)   
Trumbull, David 
 
 472.7  (2.8%)   
Winters, Robert 
 
 404.7  (2.4%)  Defeated
None of these 
 
 75.0  (0.4%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (10%), so the last-place candidate (Winters, Robert) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 1997 City Council Election by DemoChoice rules
9 candidates will be elected with 16,879 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 18 Legend  
Galluccio, Anthony 
 
 1,739.4  (10.4%)   
Duehay, Francis H. 
 
 1,708.5  (10.2%)   
Triantafillou, Katharine 
 
 1,717.8  (10.2%)   
Toomey, Timothy J. 
 
 1,702.4  (10.1%)   
Sullivan, Michael 
 
 1,706.7  (10.2%)   
Born, Kathleen 
 
 1,707.0  (10.2%)   
Russell, Sheila T. 
 
 1,720.5  (10.2%)   
Reeves, Kenneth E. 
 
 1,689.4  (10.1%)   
Davis, Henrietta 
 
 1,479.5  (8.8%)   
Cunningham, William 
 
 553.7  (3.3%)   
Harding, Donald 
 
 544.2  (3.2%)   
Trumbull, David 
 
 520.0  (3.1%)  Defeated
None of these 
 
 90.0  (0.5%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (10%), so the last-place candidate (Trumbull, David) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 1997 City Council Election by DemoChoice rules
9 candidates will be elected with 16,879 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 19 Legend  
Galluccio, Anthony 
 
 1,827.0  (10.9%)   
Duehay, Francis H. 
 
 1,723.2  (10.3%)   
Triantafillou, Katharine 
 
 1,723.0  (10.3%)   
Toomey, Timothy J. 
 
 1,716.7  (10.3%)   
Sullivan, Michael 
 
 1,740.3  (10.4%)   
Born, Kathleen 
 
 1,712.0  (10.2%)   
Russell, Sheila T. 
 
 1,750.2  (10.5%)   
Reeves, Kenneth E. 
 
 1,698.3  (10.1%)   
Davis, Henrietta 
 
 1,557.6  (9.3%)   
Cunningham, William 
 
 618.0  (3.7%)  Defeated
Harding, Donald 
 
 675.8  (4.0%)   
None of these 
 
 137.0  (0.8%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (10%), so the last-place candidate (Cunningham, William) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 1997 City Council Election by DemoChoice rules
9 candidates will be elected with 16,879 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 20 Legend  
Galluccio, Anthony 
 
 1,848.6  (11.1%)   
Duehay, Francis H. 
 
 1,740.2  (10.4%)   
Triantafillou, Katharine 
 
 1,766.4  (10.6%)   
Toomey, Timothy J. 
 
 1,726.7  (10.3%)   
Sullivan, Michael 
 
 1,757.2  (10.5%)   
Born, Kathleen 
 
 1,739.0  (10.4%)   
Russell, Sheila T. 
 
 1,767.9  (10.6%)   
Reeves, Kenneth E. 
 
 1,732.1  (10.4%)   
Davis, Henrietta 
 
 1,835.3  (11.0%)   
Harding, Donald 
 
 785.7  (4.7%)  Defeated
None of these 
 
 180.0  (1.1%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (10%), so the last-place candidate (Harding, Donald) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 1997 City Council Election by DemoChoice rules
9 candidates will be elected with 16,879 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 21 Legend  
Galluccio, Anthony 
 
 2,080.7  (12.5%)  Equalized
Duehay, Francis H. 
 
 1,761.1  (10.6%)   
Triantafillou, Katharine 
 
 1,818.0  (10.9%)   
Toomey, Timothy J. 
 
 1,775.3  (10.7%)   
Sullivan, Michael 
 
 1,803.7  (10.9%)   
Born, Kathleen 
 
 1,766.0  (10.6%)   
Russell, Sheila T. 
 
 1,848.1  (11.1%)   
Reeves, Kenneth E. 
 
 1,893.8  (11.4%)   
Davis, Henrietta 
 
 1,868.3  (11.2%)   
None of these 
 
 264.0  (1.6%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

At this point, the number of remaining candidates equals the number of remaining seats, so the remaining candidates are declared elected.

Transfers are made from each winner until they all have an equal share of the votes.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 1997 City Council Election by DemoChoice rules
9 candidates will be elected with 16,879 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 22 Legend  
Galluccio, Anthony 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)   
Duehay, Francis H. 
 
 1,783.1  (10.7%)   
Triantafillou, Katharine 
 
 1,833.0  (11.0%)   
Toomey, Timothy J. 
 
 1,833.3  (11.0%)   
Sullivan, Michael 
 
 1,928.3  (11.6%)  Equalized
Born, Kathleen 
 
 1,781.0  (10.7%)   
Russell, Sheila T. 
 
 1,848.1  (11.1%)   
Reeves, Kenneth E. 
 
 1,893.8  (11.4%)   
Davis, Henrietta 
 
 1,868.3  (11.2%)   
None of these 
 
 264.0  (1.6%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

At this point, the number of remaining candidates equals the number of remaining seats, so the remaining candidates are declared elected.

Transfers are made from each winner until they all have an equal share of the votes.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 1997 City Council Election by DemoChoice rules
9 candidates will be elected with 16,879 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 23 Legend  
Galluccio, Anthony 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)   
Duehay, Francis H. 
 
 1,791.2  (10.8%)   
Triantafillou, Katharine 
 
 1,837.6  (11.1%)   
Toomey, Timothy J. 
 
 1,897.5  (11.4%)  Equalized
Sullivan, Michael 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)   
Born, Kathleen 
 
 1,786.2  (10.8%)   
Russell, Sheila T. 
 
 1,848.1  (11.1%)   
Reeves, Kenneth E. 
 
 1,893.8  (11.4%)   
Davis, Henrietta 
 
 1,868.3  (11.2%)   
None of these 
 
 264.0  (1.6%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

At this point, the number of remaining candidates equals the number of remaining seats, so the remaining candidates are declared elected.

Transfers are made from each winner until they all have an equal share of the votes.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 1997 City Council Election by DemoChoice rules
9 candidates will be elected with 16,879 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 24 Legend  
Galluccio, Anthony 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)   
Duehay, Francis H. 
 
 1,810.9  (10.9%)   
Triantafillou, Katharine 
 
 1,853.3  (11.2%)   
Toomey, Timothy J. 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)   
Sullivan, Michael 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)   
Born, Kathleen 
 
 1,802.2  (10.8%)   
Russell, Sheila T. 
 
 1,848.1  (11.1%)   
Reeves, Kenneth E. 
 
 1,893.8  (11.4%)  Equalized
Davis, Henrietta 
 
 1,868.3  (11.2%)   
None of these 
 
 264.0  (1.6%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

At this point, the number of remaining candidates equals the number of remaining seats, so the remaining candidates are declared elected.

Transfers are made from each winner until they all have an equal share of the votes.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 1997 City Council Election by DemoChoice rules
9 candidates will be elected with 16,879 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 25 Legend  
Galluccio, Anthony 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)   
Duehay, Francis H. 
 
 1,831.4  (11.0%)   
Triantafillou, Katharine 
 
 1,853.3  (11.2%)   
Toomey, Timothy J. 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)   
Sullivan, Michael 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)   
Born, Kathleen 
 
 1,829.4  (11.0%)   
Russell, Sheila T. 
 
 1,848.1  (11.1%)   
Reeves, Kenneth E. 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)   
Davis, Henrietta 
 
 1,868.3  (11.2%)  Equalized
None of these 
 
 264.0  (1.6%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

At this point, the number of remaining candidates equals the number of remaining seats, so the remaining candidates are declared elected.

Transfers are made from each winner until they all have an equal share of the votes.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 1997 City Council Election by DemoChoice rules
9 candidates will be elected with 16,879 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 26 Legend  
Galluccio, Anthony 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)   
Duehay, Francis H. 
 
 1,840.1  (11.1%)   
Triantafillou, Katharine 
 
 1,853.3  (11.2%)  Equalized
Toomey, Timothy J. 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)   
Sullivan, Michael 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)   
Born, Kathleen 
 
 1,842.9  (11.1%)   
Russell, Sheila T. 
 
 1,848.1  (11.1%)   
Reeves, Kenneth E. 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)   
Davis, Henrietta 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)   
None of these 
 
 264.0  (1.6%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

At this point, the number of remaining candidates equals the number of remaining seats, so the remaining candidates are declared elected.

Transfers are made from each winner until they all have an equal share of the votes.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 1997 City Council Election by DemoChoice rules
9 candidates will be elected with 16,879 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 27 Legend  
Galluccio, Anthony 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)   
Duehay, Francis H. 
 
 1,842.9  (11.1%)   
Triantafillou, Katharine 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)   
Toomey, Timothy J. 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)   
Sullivan, Michael 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)   
Born, Kathleen 
 
 1,847.3  (11.1%)   
Russell, Sheila T. 
 
 1,848.1  (11.1%)  Equalized
Reeves, Kenneth E. 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)   
Davis, Henrietta 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)   
None of these 
 
 264.0  (1.6%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

At this point, the number of remaining candidates equals the number of remaining seats, so the remaining candidates are declared elected.

Transfers are made from each winner until they all have an equal share of the votes.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 1997 City Council Election by DemoChoice rules
9 candidates will be elected with 16,879 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 28 Legend  
Galluccio, Anthony 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)   
Duehay, Francis H. 
 
 1,844.9  (11.1%)   
Triantafillou, Katharine 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)   
Toomey, Timothy J. 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)   
Sullivan, Michael 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)   
Born, Kathleen 
 
 1,847.3  (11.1%)  Equalized
Russell, Sheila T. 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)   
Reeves, Kenneth E. 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)   
Davis, Henrietta 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)   
None of these 
 
 264.0  (1.6%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

At this point, the number of remaining candidates equals the number of remaining seats, so the remaining candidates are declared elected.

Transfers are made from each winner until they all have an equal share of the votes.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 1997 City Council Election by DemoChoice rules
9 candidates will be elected with 16,879 ballots cast.

First Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 29 Legend  
Galluccio, Anthony 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)  Elected
Duehay, Francis H. 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)  Elected
Triantafillou, Katharine 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)  Elected
Toomey, Timothy J. 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)  Elected
Sullivan, Michael 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)  Elected
Born, Kathleen 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)  Elected
Russell, Sheila T. 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)  Elected
Reeves, Kenneth E. 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)  Elected
Davis, Henrietta 
 
 1,846.1  (11.1%)  Elected
None of these 
 
 264.0  (1.6%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

At this point, the number of remaining candidates equals the number of remaining seats, so the remaining candidates are declared elected.
In the end, 98.4% of all cast ballots counted toward a winner. This compares to 88.8% if only the first-round votes were used. You should be able to see that the winners have a more equal mandate in the final round than in the first round.

Note that even the "highest first-round votes" method is more democratic than most methods used in US public elections: the "vote for 9" method, which allows the largest block of voters to dominate, and the district method, where choices are restricted to the one or two viable candidates within geographical boundaries drawn by the politicians in office.

Also, view the Ballot Depth info to see how much lower rankings contributed to the tally.
















 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Cambridge, MA 1997 City Council Election by DemoChoice rules
9 candidates will be elected with 16,879 ballots cast.

First Round | Last Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Ballot Depth: This shows how much the lower rankings on ballots contributed to the winning candidates.

Rank   Fraction of votes for winners
1st 
 
81.9%   
2nd 
 
8.6%   
3rd 
 
3.9%   
4th 
 
2.3%   
5th 
 
1.4%   
6th 
 
0.8%   
7th 
 
0.5%   
8th 
 
0.3%   
10th 
 
0.1%   
12th 
 
0.0%   
  pies need GD